Research Article

Genetic association of sequence variation in exon 3 of the swine leukocyte antigen-DQA gene with piglet diarrhea in Large White, Landrace, and Duroc piglets

Published: August 19, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(3): gmr8673 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15038673
Cite this Article:
(2016). Genetic association of sequence variation in exon 3 of the swine leukocyte antigen-DQA gene with piglet diarrhea in Large White, Landrace, and Duroc piglets. Genet. Mol. Res. 15(3): gmr8673. https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15038673
1,172 views

Abstract

Piglet diarrhea is one of the primary factors that affects the benefits of the swine industry. Recent studies have shown that exon 2 of the swine leukocyte antigen-DQA gene is associated with piglet resistance to diarrhea; however, the contributions of additional exon coding regions of this gene remain unclear. Here, we detected and sequenced variants in the exon 3 region and examined their associations with diarrhea infection in 425 suckling piglets using the polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformational polymorphism and sequencing analysis. The results revealed that exon 3 of the swine leukocyte antigen-DQA gene is highly polymorphic and pivotal to both diarrhea susceptibility and resistance in piglets. We identified 14 genotypes (AA, AB, BB, BC, CC, EE, EF, BE, BF, CF, DD, DH, GG, and GF) and eight alleles (A-H) that were generated by 14 nucleotide variants, eight of which were novel, and three nucleotide deletions. Statistical analyses revealed that the genotypes AB and EF were associated with resistance to diarrheal disease (P 0.05). These results elucidate the genetic and immunological background to piglet diarrhea, and provide useful information for resistance breeding programs.

Piglet diarrhea is one of the primary factors that affects the benefits of the swine industry. Recent studies have shown that exon 2 of the swine leukocyte antigen-DQA gene is associated with piglet resistance to diarrhea; however, the contributions of additional exon coding regions of this gene remain unclear. Here, we detected and sequenced variants in the exon 3 region and examined their associations with diarrhea infection in 425 suckling piglets using the polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformational polymorphism and sequencing analysis. The results revealed that exon 3 of the swine leukocyte antigen-DQA gene is highly polymorphic and pivotal to both diarrhea susceptibility and resistance in piglets. We identified 14 genotypes (AA, AB, BB, BC, CC, EE, EF, BE, BF, CF, DD, DH, GG, and GF) and eight alleles (A-H) that were generated by 14 nucleotide variants, eight of which were novel, and three nucleotide deletions. Statistical analyses revealed that the genotypes AB and EF were associated with resistance to diarrheal disease (P 0.05). These results elucidate the genetic and immunological background to piglet diarrhea, and provide useful information for resistance breeding programs.