Research Article

Sex- and age-dependent expression of Pax7, Myf 5, MyoG, and Myostatin in yak skeletal muscles

Published: June 24, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(2): gmr8020 DOI: 10.4238/gmr.15028020

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the myogenic factor mRNA expression pattern of Pax7, Myf5, MyoG, and Myostatin mRNA at different ages, sexes, and muscle tissues of Datong yaks. The expression patterns in semimembranosus (SM), quadriceps femoris (QF), and triceps muscle of arm (TM) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and compared using biostatistics. The results showed that the Pax7 gene expression levels were higher in the hindquarters (SM and QF) than in the forequarters, and was higher in male compared to in female muscle (P ≤ 0.05). The Myf5 gene expression levels of male yaks were highest in QF (P ≤ 0.05), whereas the expression levels of female yaks were highest in TM (P ≤ 0.05). Female MyoG gene expression levels were higher in QF and TM compared to in male yaks. The MyoG expression was higher in all muscles at 6 months old compared to in 3-year-old muscle. The highest MSTN gene expression was found in 6-month-old TM muscle and in QF muscle of 3 years (P ≥ 0.05). In conclusion, yak muscles showed different growth patterns depending on position. At 6 months of age, the satellite cells in the male hindquarter muscles and the female forequarter muscle showed a strong proliferative ability, at the same time the satellite cells in all female muscles had a powerful differentiation ability. Hindquarter muscles appear to mainly grow at younger ages and forequarters mainly grow at older ages.

The aim of this study was to investigate the myogenic factor mRNA expression pattern of Pax7, Myf5, MyoG, and Myostatin mRNA at different ages, sexes, and muscle tissues of Datong yaks. The expression patterns in semimembranosus (SM), quadriceps femoris (QF), and triceps muscle of arm (TM) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and compared using biostatistics. The results showed that the Pax7 gene expression levels were higher in the hindquarters (SM and QF) than in the forequarters, and was higher in male compared to in female muscle (P ≤ 0.05). The Myf5 gene expression levels of male yaks were highest in QF (P ≤ 0.05), whereas the expression levels of female yaks were highest in TM (P ≤ 0.05). Female MyoG gene expression levels were higher in QF and TM compared to in male yaks. The MyoG expression was higher in all muscles at 6 months old compared to in 3-year-old muscle. The highest MSTN gene expression was found in 6-month-old TM muscle and in QF muscle of 3 years (P ≥ 0.05). In conclusion, yak muscles showed different growth patterns depending on position. At 6 months of age, the satellite cells in the male hindquarter muscles and the female forequarter muscle showed a strong proliferative ability, at the same time the satellite cells in all female muscles had a powerful differentiation ability. Hindquarter muscles appear to mainly grow at younger ages and forequarters mainly grow at older ages.