Research Article

Interleukin-6 (IL-6) -174G/C genomic polymorphism contribution to the risk of coronary artery disease in a Chinese population

Published: June 16, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(2): gmr7803 DOI: 10.4238/gmr.15027803

Abstract

To investigate the role of IL-6 polymorphism (-174G/C and -572C/G) in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD), CAD patients (224) and control subjects (260) were recruited between January 2012 and December 2014. Genotyping at IL-6 -174G/C and -572C/G was conducted via polymerase chain reaction coupled to restriction fragment length polymorphism. Results indicated that several disease risk factors were significantly higher in CAD patients as compared to the control subjects. These factors include hypertension (χ2 = 20.03, P 2 = 33.53, P 2 = 28.17, P t = 11.39, P t = 8.25, P t = 7.24, P t = 3.52, P t = 6.09, P IL-6 -174G/C was had a 2.32 (95%CI = 1.33-4.06) fold risk of developing CAD compared to the GG genotype. Moreover, IL-6 -174G/C polymorphism was positively associated with the risk of developing CAD in both dominant (OR = 1.63, 95%CI = 1.12-2.38; P = 0.01) and recessive models (OR = 2.18, 95%CI = 1.26-3.77; P = 0.001). However, no statistically significant association was observed between IL-6 -572C/G polymorphism and risk of CAD. In conclusion, IL-6 -174G/C polymorphisms are associated with the pathogenesis of CAD.

To investigate the role of IL-6 polymorphism (-174G/C and -572C/G) in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD), CAD patients (224) and control subjects (260) were recruited between January 2012 and December 2014. Genotyping at IL-6 -174G/C and -572C/G was conducted via polymerase chain reaction coupled to restriction fragment length polymorphism. Results indicated that several disease risk factors were significantly higher in CAD patients as compared to the control subjects. These factors include hypertension (χ2 = 20.03, P 2 = 33.53, P 2 = 28.17, P t = 11.39, P t = 8.25, P t = 7.24, P t = 3.52, P t = 6.09, P IL-6 -174G/C was had a 2.32 (95%CI = 1.33-4.06) fold risk of developing CAD compared to the GG genotype. Moreover, IL-6 -174G/C polymorphism was positively associated with the risk of developing CAD in both dominant (OR = 1.63, 95%CI = 1.12-2.38; P = 0.01) and recessive models (OR = 2.18, 95%CI = 1.26-3.77; P = 0.001). However, no statistically significant association was observed between IL-6 -572C/G polymorphism and risk of CAD. In conclusion, IL-6 -174G/C polymorphisms are associated with the pathogenesis of CAD.