Research Article

Role of PPARα in down-regulating AGE-induced TGF-β and MMP-9 expressions in chondrocytes

Published: May 09, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(2): gmr7963 DOI: 10.4238/gmr.15027963

Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor is closely associated with the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. The level of exogenous advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in articular cartilage is highly associated with the severity of osteoarthritic lesions. However, their interactions and role in promoting osteoarthritisprogression remain unclear. Here, we investigated the effect of AGEs on transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 expression, and discussed the correlation between AGEs and osteoarthritis, possible signaling pathways and mechanism in rabbit chondrocytes. TGF-β and MMP-9 mRNA and protein expression, catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were analyzed in chondrocytes treated with different concentrations of AGEs using RT-PCR and/or western blot; we detected NF-κB nuclear translocation by immunofluorescence. AGE treatment significantly increased TGF-β and MMP-9 mRNA and protein expression compared to controls (P

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor is closely associated with the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. The level of exogenous advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in articular cartilage is highly associated with the severity of osteoarthritic lesions. However, their interactions and role in promoting osteoarthritisprogression remain unclear. Here, we investigated the effect of AGEs on transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 expression, and discussed the correlation between AGEs and osteoarthritis, possible signaling pathways and mechanism in rabbit chondrocytes. TGF-β and MMP-9 mRNA and protein expression, catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were analyzed in chondrocytes treated with different concentrations of AGEs using RT-PCR and/or western blot; we detected NF-κB nuclear translocation by immunofluorescence. AGE treatment significantly increased TGF-β and MMP-9 mRNA and protein expression compared to controls (P

About the Authors