Research Article

Biological correlation between glucose transporters, Ki-67 and 2-deoxy-2-[18F]-fluoro-D-glucose uptake in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and natural killer/T-cell lymphoma

Published: May 09, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(2): gmr7242 DOI: 10.4238/gmr.15027242

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between cellular 2-deoxy-2-[18F]-fluoro-D-glucose (18F-FDG) uptake and the expression of several subtypes of glucose transporters (GLUT) and Ki-67 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL). Cell lines were histologically determined to be DLBCL (Raji cells) and NKTCL (Daudi cells), and uptake after pretreatment with 18F-FDG was determined. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect the expression levels of GLUTs 1, 2, 3, 4, and 7 and Ki-67, and to evaluate their association with 18F-FDG uptake in DLBCL and NKTCL cells. The uptake rates of 18F-FDG ranged from 18 to 46% (average 30 ± 10.20%) in Raji cells and 25 to 48% (average 35.6 ± 7.57%) in Daudi cells. In DLBCL cells, the expression levels of GLUTs 1, 3, and 7 were significantly correlated with cellular 18F-FDG uptake rates (Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient of 0.667, 0.516, and 0.468, respectively; P 18F-FDG uptake rates (Spearman’s rho of 0.756 and 0.498, respectively; P 18F-FDG uptake in Raji or Daudi cells. In conclusion, the data acquired through this preliminary study indicate that GLUT 1 and GLUT 3 contribute to 18F-FDG uptake in DLBCL and NKTCL.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between cellular 2-deoxy-2-[18F]-fluoro-D-glucose (18F-FDG) uptake and the expression of several subtypes of glucose transporters (GLUT) and Ki-67 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL). Cell lines were histologically determined to be DLBCL (Raji cells) and NKTCL (Daudi cells), and uptake after pretreatment with 18F-FDG was determined. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect the expression levels of GLUTs 1, 2, 3, 4, and 7 and Ki-67, and to evaluate their association with 18F-FDG uptake in DLBCL and NKTCL cells. The uptake rates of 18F-FDG ranged from 18 to 46% (average 30 ± 10.20%) in Raji cells and 25 to 48% (average 35.6 ± 7.57%) in Daudi cells. In DLBCL cells, the expression levels of GLUTs 1, 3, and 7 were significantly correlated with cellular 18F-FDG uptake rates (Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient of 0.667, 0.516, and 0.468, respectively; P 18F-FDG uptake rates (Spearman’s rho of 0.756 and 0.498, respectively; P 18F-FDG uptake in Raji or Daudi cells. In conclusion, the data acquired through this preliminary study indicate that GLUT 1 and GLUT 3 contribute to 18F-FDG uptake in DLBCL and NKTCL.

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