Research Article

Genetic variability in isolates of Chromobacterium violaceum from pulmonary secretion, water, and soil

Published: April 28, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(2): gmr7955 DOI: 10.4238/gmr.15027955

Abstract

Chromobacterium violaceum is a free-living Gram-negative bacillus usually found in the water and soil in tropical regions, which causes infections in humans. Chromobacteriosis is characterized by rapid dissemination and high mortality. The aim of this study was to detect the genetic variability among C. violaceum type strain ATCC 12472, and seven isolates from the environment and one from a pulmonary secretion from a chromobacteriosis patient from Ilhéus, Bahia. The molecular characterization of all samples was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequencing and 16S rDNA analysis. Primers specific for two ATCC 12472 pathogenicity genes, hilA and yscD, as well as random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), were used for PCR amplification and comparative sequencing of the products. For a more specific approach, the PCR products of 16S rDNA were digested with restriction enzymes. Seven of the samples, including type-strain ATCC 12472, were amplified by the hilA primers; these were subsequently sequenced. Gene yscD was amplified only in type-strain ATCC 12472. MspI and AluI digestion revealed 16S rDNA polymorphisms. This data allowed the generation of a dendogram for each analysis. The isolates of C. violaceum have variability in random genomic regions demonstrated by RAPD. Also, these isolates have variability in pathogenicity genes, as demonstrated by sequencing and restriction enzyme digestion.

Chromobacterium violaceum is a free-living Gram-negative bacillus usually found in the water and soil in tropical regions, which causes infections in humans. Chromobacteriosis is characterized by rapid dissemination and high mortality. The aim of this study was to detect the genetic variability among C. violaceum type strain ATCC 12472, and seven isolates from the environment and one from a pulmonary secretion from a chromobacteriosis patient from Ilhéus, Bahia. The molecular characterization of all samples was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequencing and 16S rDNA analysis. Primers specific for two ATCC 12472 pathogenicity genes, hilA and yscD, as well as random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), were used for PCR amplification and comparative sequencing of the products. For a more specific approach, the PCR products of 16S rDNA were digested with restriction enzymes. Seven of the samples, including type-strain ATCC 12472, were amplified by the hilA primers; these were subsequently sequenced. Gene yscD was amplified only in type-strain ATCC 12472. MspI and AluI digestion revealed 16S rDNA polymorphisms. This data allowed the generation of a dendogram for each analysis. The isolates of C. violaceum have variability in random genomic regions demonstrated by RAPD. Also, these isolates have variability in pathogenicity genes, as demonstrated by sequencing and restriction enzyme digestion.