Research Article

Effect of procyanidine on VEGFR-2 expression and transduction pathway in rat endothelial progenitor cells under high glucose conditions

Published: March 31, 2016
Genet. Mol. Res. 15(1): gmr6925 DOI: 10.4238/gmr.15016925

Abstract

The protective effect of procyanidine and its oligomers against high glucose-mediated oxidative stress injury in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and effect of procyanidin on vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) expression and downstream signal pathway were analyzed in vitro. Rat bone marrow mononuclear cells were isolated, cultured under normal and high glucose (HG) conditions, and the changes in cell morphology observed. The EPCs were identified, and the oxidative stress products produced by EPCs (under normal and HG conditions) were quantified. Subsequently, an appropriate number of EPCs were cultured with and without procyanidin (OPC), and the MDA concentration and relative expression of VEGFR-2, AKT, IκB-α, and nuclear factor (NF)-κB were detected 1, 3, 5, and 7 days post-culture. We observed minor (round, translucent, gradually adhering) and significant (fusiform morphology/pebble distribution) cell morphological changes 3 and 7 days post-culture, respectively. Apoptosis and oxidative stress product release in EPCs cultured with HG increased significantly compared to the control group (P 0.05); alternately, products generated as a result of oxidative stress were significantly reduced, the relative expression of VEGFR-2, AKT, and NF-κB protein was upregulated, and that of IκB-α was downregulated (P

The protective effect of procyanidine and its oligomers against high glucose-mediated oxidative stress injury in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and effect of procyanidin on vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) expression and downstream signal pathway were analyzed in vitro. Rat bone marrow mononuclear cells were isolated, cultured under normal and high glucose (HG) conditions, and the changes in cell morphology observed. The EPCs were identified, and the oxidative stress products produced by EPCs (under normal and HG conditions) were quantified. Subsequently, an appropriate number of EPCs were cultured with and without procyanidin (OPC), and the MDA concentration and relative expression of VEGFR-2, AKT, IκB-α, and nuclear factor (NF)-κB were detected 1, 3, 5, and 7 days post-culture. We observed minor (round, translucent, gradually adhering) and significant (fusiform morphology/pebble distribution) cell morphological changes 3 and 7 days post-culture, respectively. Apoptosis and oxidative stress product release in EPCs cultured with HG increased significantly compared to the control group (P 0.05); alternately, products generated as a result of oxidative stress were significantly reduced, the relative expression of VEGFR-2, AKT, and NF-κB protein was upregulated, and that of IκB-α was downregulated (P