Research Article

Sevoflurane downregulates interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 levels in patients after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: a meta-analysis

Published: December 29, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (4) : 19016-19027 DOI: 10.4238/2015.December.29.9

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effect of sevoflurane on serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in patients who underwent cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The strength of the association between sevoflurane treatment and serum level of IL-6 and IL-8 was determined in patients who underwent CPB by summary standard mean differences (SMDs); 95% confidence interval (CI) was used. In total, seven case-control studies showed decreased IL-6 and IL-8 levels in sevoflurane-treated patients than in controls (IL-6: SMD = 1.56, 95%CI: 0.95-2.17, P vs pre: SMD = 2.17, 95%CI: 1.40-2.95, P vs pre: SMD = 4.01, 95%CI: 2.80-5.21, P vs control and pre- vs post-treatment of sevoflurane models. Serum IL-6 and IL-8 levels were significantly lower in sevoflurane-treated patients who underwent CPB, suggesting sevoflurane pretreatment to be more beneficial than post-treatment.

This study aimed to investigate the effect of sevoflurane on serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in patients who underwent cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The strength of the association between sevoflurane treatment and serum level of IL-6 and IL-8 was determined in patients who underwent CPB by summary standard mean differences (SMDs); 95% confidence interval (CI) was used. In total, seven case-control studies showed decreased IL-6 and IL-8 levels in sevoflurane-treated patients than in controls (IL-6: SMD = 1.56, 95%CI: 0.95-2.17, P < 0.001; IL-8: SMD = 1.63, 95%CI: 0.30-2.96, P < 0.001, respectively). Further, IL-6 and IL-8 levels were significantly higher in sevoflurane-treated patients than in sevoflurane-pretreated patients (IL-6 post vs pre: SMD = 2.17, 95%CI: 1.40-2.95, P < 0.001; IL-8 post vs pre: SMD = 4.01, 95%CI: 2.80-5.21, P < 0.001, respectively). CPB-stratified analysis showed significant decrease in IL-6 and IL-8 levels in sevoflurane-treated patients than in controls, irrespective of the time after CPB surgery (P < 0.05). Moreover, sevoflurane-pretreated patients under the <12-h subgroup showed decreased IL-6 levels (P = 0.698), while all other subgroups showed decreased IL-8 levels (P < 0.05). Further, subgroup analysis by different dose of sevoflurane showed decreased IL-6 and IL-8 levels in subgroups administered with a dose of <2 and ≥2% sevoflurane under the case vs control and pre- vs post-treatment of sevoflurane models. Serum IL-6 and IL-8 levels were significantly lower in sevoflurane-treated patients who underwent CPB, suggesting sevoflurane pretreatment to be more beneficial than post-treatment.