Research Article

Genetic parameters in parents and hybrids of circulant diallel in popcorn

Published: October 07, 2008
Genet. Mol. Res. 7 (4) : 1020-1030 DOI: 10.4238/vol7-4gmr502

Abstract

With the aim of estimating genetic parameters and identifying superior popcorn combinations, 10 parents were crossed in a circulant diallel and evaluated together with the 15 resulting hybrids at two locations in two growing seasons for grain yield, number of broken plants, number of partially husked ears and popping expansion. The hybrids were less sensitive to environmental variations than the parents of the diallel in the 2003/2004 and 2004/2005 growing seasons. The genetic parameters suggested possible genetic gains for grain yield and popping expansion, mainly. Bidirectional dominance could have occurred for popping expansion. Heterobeltiosis for grain yield seems to be a common effect in popcorn. The intrapopulation breeding for popping expansion may offer superior genetic gains, but for grain yield, interpopulation breeding is required. The performance of UNB2U-C1 x BRS Angela indicated this hybrid for experimental cultivation in the northern and northwestern Fluminense region in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.

With the aim of estimating genetic parameters and identifying superior popcorn combinations, 10 parents were crossed in a circulant diallel and evaluated together with the 15 resulting hybrids at two locations in two growing seasons for grain yield, number of broken plants, number of partially husked ears and popping expansion. The hybrids were less sensitive to environmental variations than the parents of the diallel in the 2003/2004 and 2004/2005 growing seasons. The genetic parameters suggested possible genetic gains for grain yield and popping expansion, mainly. Bidirectional dominance could have occurred for popping expansion. Heterobeltiosis for grain yield seems to be a common effect in popcorn. The intrapopulation breeding for popping expansion may offer superior genetic gains, but for grain yield, interpopulation breeding is required. The performance of UNB2U-C1 x BRS Angela indicated this hybrid for experimental cultivation in the northern and northwestern Fluminense region in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.