Research Article

Identification and characterization of the duck enteritis virus (DEV) US2 gene

Published: October 29, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (4) : 13779-13790 DOI: 10.4238/2015.October.28.40

Abstract

The US2 protein has been reported to contribute to duck enteritis virus (DEV) infection; however, its kinetics and localization during infection, and whether it is a component of virion, have not been previously reported. To elucidate the function of DEV US2, US2 was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and inserted into pET-32a(+); this was expressed, the recombinant US2 protein was purified, and a polyclonal antibody generated. In addition, the kinetics and localization of the US2 gene and protein were determined by quantitative real-time fluorescent PCR, ganciclovir (GCV), and cycloheximide (CHX) treatment, western-blot, and indirect immunofluorescence assay. The packaging of US2 into DEV virions was revealed by a protease protection assay. US2 was found to be transcribed 24 h post-infection (pi) and peaked at 72 h pi; the US2 protein was detected 48 h pi, except in the presence of GCV or CHX. US2 was packed into virions and also localized to the plasma membrane and cytoplasm in infected cells. The results showed that the DEV US2 is a late gene, and that its encoding protein could be a tegument component localized mainly in the cytoplasm. This study provides useful data for the further analysis of DEV US2, including an explanation for the genetic conservation among alphaherpesviruses.

The US2 protein has been reported to contribute to duck enteritis virus (DEV) infection; however, its kinetics and localization during infection, and whether it is a component of virion, have not been previously reported. To elucidate the function of DEV US2, US2 was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and inserted into pET-32a(+); this was expressed, the recombinant US2 protein was purified, and a polyclonal antibody generated. In addition, the kinetics and localization of the US2 gene and protein were determined by quantitative real-time fluorescent PCR, ganciclovir (GCV), and cycloheximide (CHX) treatment, western-blot, and indirect immunofluorescence assay. The packaging of US2 into DEV virions was revealed by a protease protection assay. US2 was found to be transcribed 24 h post-infection (pi) and peaked at 72 h pi; the US2 protein was detected 48 h pi, except in the presence of GCV or CHX. US2 was packed into virions and also localized to the plasma membrane and cytoplasm in infected cells. The results showed that the DEV US2 is a late gene, and that its encoding protein could be a tegument component localized mainly in the cytoplasm. This study provides useful data for the further analysis of DEV US2, including an explanation for the genetic conservation among alphaherpesviruses.