Research Article

MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms as predictors of radiotherapy response in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Published: October 27, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (4) : 13105-13109 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.October.26.6
Cite this Article:
(2015). MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms as predictors of radiotherapy response in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Genet. Mol. Res. 14(4): gmr6252. https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.October.26.6
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Abstract

The C677T and A1298C polymorphisms in methylene­tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), which regulates the release of active folate in the body, may have reduced activity. Given that folate participates in important intracellular pathways, such as nucleotide synthesis and biomolecule methylation, it seems plausible that patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) may respond differently to radiotherapy treatments, based on genetic polymor­phisms. Therefore, this study sought to understand the role of these polymorphisms in HNSCC patient radiotherapy response. Genotypes were detected by PCR-RFLP after extraction of DNA from peripheral blood lymphocytes. Survival curves were analyzed by the Kaplan- Meier model, and significant differences were analyzed by the Wil­coxon test. Response to radiotherapy in patients with laryngeal SCC was significantly associated with the MTHFR C677T polymorphism (P = 0.030). Indeed, the presence of at least one T allele decreases the mortality rate up to 3-fold. Therefore, we propose that MTHFR C677T may represent a putative biomarker for radiotherapy prognosis in la­ryngeal SCC patients.

The C677T and A1298C polymorphisms in methylene­tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), which regulates the release of active folate in the body, may have reduced activity. Given that folate participates in important intracellular pathways, such as nucleotide synthesis and biomolecule methylation, it seems plausible that patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) may respond differently to radiotherapy treatments, based on genetic polymor­phisms. Therefore, this study sought to understand the role of these polymorphisms in HNSCC patient radiotherapy response. Genotypes were detected by PCR-RFLP after extraction of DNA from peripheral blood lymphocytes. Survival curves were analyzed by the Kaplan- Meier model, and significant differences were analyzed by the Wil­coxon test. Response to radiotherapy in patients with laryngeal SCC was significantly associated with the MTHFR C677T polymorphism (P = 0.030). Indeed, the presence of at least one T allele decreases the mortality rate up to 3-fold. Therefore, we propose that MTHFR C677T may represent a putative biomarker for radiotherapy prognosis in la­ryngeal SCC patients.