Research Article

Variations in WNT3 gene are associated with incidence of non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate in a northeast Chinese population

Published: October 19, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (4) : 12646-12653 DOI: 10.4238/2015.October.19.8

Abstract

Non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) is a common birth defect. Several WNT genes are involved in craniofacial embryogenesis, and therefore may play an important role in the etiology of NSCL/P. Two SNPs (rs3809857 and rs9890413) in the WNT3 gene were subjected to case-control and case-parent analysis by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in 236 unrelated patients with NSCL/P, including 128 elementary families (185 mothers and 154 fathers), and 400 control individuals from northeast China. The rs3809857 SNP, under the assumption of a dominant model, was found to induce a 2-fold lower risk of NSCL/P ORGG vs GT + TT = 0.605, 95%CI = 0.436-0.839, P = 0.003). Moreover, the family-based association test revealed an under-transmission for the minor allele T. On the other hand, we observed a significant association in the case-control and case-parent analysis of the SNP rs9890413. In addition, the P values for the haplotype of rs3809857-rs9890413 were observed to be statistically significant (P = 0.004). In conclusion, our study confirmed the association between the WNT3 variant and NSCL/P in the population tested.

Non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) is a common birth defect. Several WNT genes are involved in craniofacial embryogenesis, and therefore may play an important role in the etiology of NSCL/P. Two SNPs (rs3809857 and rs9890413) in the WNT3 gene were subjected to case-control and case-parent analysis by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in 236 unrelated patients with NSCL/P, including 128 elementary families (185 mothers and 154 fathers), and 400 control individuals from northeast China. The rs3809857 SNP, under the assumption of a dominant model, was found to induce a 2-fold lower risk of NSCL/P ORGG vs GT + TT = 0.605, 95%CI = 0.436-0.839, P = 0.003). Moreover, the family-based association test revealed an under-transmission for the minor allele T. On the other hand, we observed a significant association in the case-control and case-parent analysis of the SNP rs9890413. In addition, the P values for the haplotype of rs3809857-rs9890413 were observed to be statistically significant (P = 0.004). In conclusion, our study confirmed the association between the WNT3 variant and NSCL/P in the population tested.