Research Article

Methylation analysis of CXCR1 in mammary gland tissue of cows with mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus

Published: October 19, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (4) : 12606-12615 DOI: 10.4238/2015.October.19.4

Abstract

Mastitis is the most important disease in the global dairy industry, and causes large economic losses. Staphylococcus aureus is one of most common pathogens that cause bovine mastitis. CXCR1 has been implicated as a prospective genetic marker for mastitis resistance in dairy cows; CXCR1 expression significantly increases when cows have mastitis. To investigate the mechanisms involved in its increased expression, bisulfite sequencing polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the methylation status of CXCR1 CpG island, and quantitative fluorescence PCR was used to detect CXCR1 expression in bovine mammary tissue induced with S. aureus in three Chinese Holstein cows. No CpG island was found for bovine CXCR1 in the upstream 2-kb region, whereas one CpG island that contained 13 CpG sites was found in exon 1 of CXCR1. All of the CpG sites were under hypermethylation from 90 to 100% in the mammary tissues. When the mammary gland mRNA expression of CXCR1 was 12.10-fold higher in infected cow quarters than in uninfected quarters, the methylation levels of the CpG site at position 519 were significantly lower in the infected quarters than in the uninfected quarters. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the methylation level at position 519 was significantly negatively correlated with the CXCR1 mRNA expression level (P CXCR1 expression in cows with mastitis induced by S. aureus, but further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanisms involved.

Mastitis is the most important disease in the global dairy industry, and causes large economic losses. Staphylococcus aureus is one of most common pathogens that cause bovine mastitis. CXCR1 has been implicated as a prospective genetic marker for mastitis resistance in dairy cows; CXCR1 expression significantly increases when cows have mastitis. To investigate the mechanisms involved in its increased expression, bisulfite sequencing polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the methylation status of CXCR1 CpG island, and quantitative fluorescence PCR was used to detect CXCR1 expression in bovine mammary tissue induced with S. aureus in three Chinese Holstein cows. No CpG island was found for bovine CXCR1 in the upstream 2-kb region, whereas one CpG island that contained 13 CpG sites was found in exon 1 of CXCR1. All of the CpG sites were under hypermethylation from 90 to 100% in the mammary tissues. When the mammary gland mRNA expression of CXCR1 was 12.10-fold higher in infected cow quarters than in uninfected quarters, the methylation levels of the CpG site at position 519 were significantly lower in the infected quarters than in the uninfected quarters. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the methylation level at position 519 was significantly negatively correlated with the CXCR1 mRNA expression level (P < 0.05). These results indicate that the methylation of the CpG site at position 519 may regulate CXCR1 expression in cows with mastitis induced by S. aureus, but further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanisms involved.