Research Article

Effects of intermittent hypobaric hypoxia preconditioning on the expression of neuroglobin and Bcl-2 in the rat hippocampal CA1 area following ischemia-reperfusion

Published: September 09, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (3) : 10799-10807 DOI: 10.4238/2015.September.9.18

Abstract

This study was aimed at understanding the effect of intermittent hypobaric hypoxia preconditioning (IHHP) on neuroglobin (NGB) and Bcl-2 expression in the hippocampal CA1 region of rats following global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham, IHHP control, global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (IR group), and IHHP+IR groups. The four-vessel occlusion rat model of Pulsinelli was used for the IR groups, in which the common carotid artery was occluded for 8 min before reperfusion. Thionin and immunohistochemical staining were used to observe NGB and Bcl-2 expression in the hippocampal CA1 region. Data was analyzed using the SPSS software. There was a significant increase in the number of surviving cells in the hippocampal CA1 region of the IHHP+IR group (119.5 ± 14) compared to the IR group (41.7 ± 3.8) (P < 0.05). There was a significant increase in the expression of NGB and Bcl-2 in the hippocampal CA1 region of the IHHP+IR group compared to the IR group. By upregulating hippocampal NGB and Bcl-2 expression, IHHP may play a role in neural protection by reducing hippocampal neuronal apoptosis following IR.

This study was aimed at understanding the effect of intermittent hypobaric hypoxia preconditioning (IHHP) on neuroglobin (NGB) and Bcl-2 expression in the hippocampal CA1 region of rats following global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham, IHHP control, global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (IR group), and IHHP+IR groups. The four-vessel occlusion rat model of Pulsinelli was used for the IR groups, in which the common carotid artery was occluded for 8 min before reperfusion. Thionin and immunohistochemical staining were used to observe NGB and Bcl-2 expression in the hippocampal CA1 region. Data was analyzed using the SPSS software. There was a significant increase in the number of surviving cells in the hippocampal CA1 region of the IHHP+IR group (119.5 ± 14) compared to the IR group (41.7 ± 3.8) (P < 0.05). There was a significant increase in the expression of NGB and Bcl-2 in the hippocampal CA1 region of the IHHP+IR group compared to the IR group. By upregulating hippocampal NGB and Bcl-2 expression, IHHP may play a role in neural protection by reducing hippocampal neuronal apoptosis following IR.

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