Research Article

Genome-wide association study of meat quality traits in chicken

Published: September 08, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (3) : 10452-10460 DOI: 10.4238/2015.September.8.6

Abstract

Meat quality traits are very important in the poultry industry. To identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and candidate genes affecting meat quality traits, a genome-wide association study was performed using the Illumina chicken 60K SNP beadchip in Jinghai yellow chicken. Four meat quality traits were measured. Two SNPs reached 5% Bonferroni genome-wide significance (P CBLN2, HPGDS, SETD2, and ANKRD46, among others. A total of 5650 haplotpyes were established and only 1 was found to be associated with fat content in leg muscle. These results indicate that the 9 SNPs and 7 genes are important candidate markers and may influence meat quality traits in chicken.

Meat quality traits are very important in the poultry industry. To identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and candidate genes affecting meat quality traits, a genome-wide association study was performed using the Illumina chicken 60K SNP beadchip in Jinghai yellow chicken. Four meat quality traits were measured. Two SNPs reached 5% Bonferroni genome-wide significance (P < 1.8E-6) and 7 SNPs reached “suggestive” genome-wide significance (P < 3.59E-6) with meat quality. These SNPs were located nearby or in 7 candidate genes, including CBLN2, HPGDS, SETD2, and ANKRD46, among others. A total of 5650 haplotpyes were established and only 1 was found to be associated with fat content in leg muscle. These results indicate that the 9 SNPs and 7 genes are important candidate markers and may influence meat quality traits in chicken.