Research Article

Predictive potential role of glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms in the prognosis of breast cancer

Published: August 28, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (3) : 10236-10241 DOI: 10.4238/2015.August.28.7

Abstract

The current study aimed at evaluating the associa­tion between GSTM1 null/present, GSTT1 null/present, and GSTP1 IIe105Val polymorphisms and clinical response to chemotherapy and treatment outcome of breast cancers patients. Genotyping of GSTP1 rs1695, GSTT1 deletion, and GSTM1 deletion was performed by Polymerase Chain Reaction Restriction Fragment Length Polymor­phism (PCR-RFLP) assay. We found that patients with GG genotype of GSTP1 IIe105Val and null genotype of GSTM1 were more likely to have a poorer response to chemotherapy than homozygotes of the most frequent genotype; the ORs(95%CI) were 0.37(0.18-0.74) and 0.59(0.36-0.97), respectively. By the Cox proportional hazards model, patients with the GG genotype of GSTP1 IIe105Val and null genotype of GSTM1 were found to be correlated with shorter overall survival of breast cancer; the adjusted HR (95%CI) were 2.51(1.17-5.32) and 2.00(1.15-3.48), respectively. Thus, our findings provided statistical evidence that the variants of GSTP1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms could influence the response to chemotherapy and overall survival in breast cancer patients treated with chemotherapy.

The current study aimed at evaluating the associa­tion between GSTM1 null/present, GSTT1 null/present, and GSTP1 IIe105Val polymorphisms and clinical response to chemotherapy and treatment outcome of breast cancers patients. Genotyping of GSTP1 rs1695, GSTT1 deletion, and GSTM1 deletion was performed by Polymerase Chain Reaction Restriction Fragment Length Polymor­phism (PCR-RFLP) assay. We found that patients with GG genotype of GSTP1 IIe105Val and null genotype of GSTM1 were more likely to have a poorer response to chemotherapy than homozygotes of the most frequent genotype; the ORs(95%CI) were 0.37(0.18-0.74) and 0.59(0.36-0.97), respectively. By the Cox proportional hazards model, patients with the GG genotype of GSTP1 IIe105Val and null genotype of GSTM1 were found to be correlated with shorter overall survival of breast cancer; the adjusted HR (95%CI) were 2.51(1.17-5.32) and 2.00(1.15-3.48), respectively. Thus, our findings provided statistical evidence that the variants of GSTP1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms could influence the response to chemotherapy and overall survival in breast cancer patients treated with chemotherapy.

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