Research Article

Expression of genes coding for selected amino acid transporters in small intestine, liver, and skeletal muscle of pigs fed excess branched-chain amino acids

Published: August 19, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (3) : 9779-9792 DOI: 10.4238/2015.August.19.11

Abstract

Excess Leu reduces the availability of Ile and Val in pigs likely by reducing absorption of the latter amino acids (AA). Twenty-four crossbred pigs were used to evaluate the effect of excess Leu alone or with surplus Ile and Val on the expression of cationic (b0,+AT and CAT1) and neutral (B0AT1) AA transporters in the small intestine, liver, and skeletal muscle. Dietary treatments included: 1) basal diet; 2) basal plus 0.43% L-Leu (excess Leu); 3) basal plus 0.43% Leu, 0.20% L-Ile, and 0.25% L-Val (excess Leu, Ile, and Val). The basal diet contained 0.90% standardized ileal digestible Lys, as well as crystalline L-Lys, L-Thr, DL-Met, L-Trp, L-Leu, L-Ile, L-His, and L-Val. Diets 2 and 3 contained 52% more Leu and diet 3 contained 42% more Ile and Val compared with the basal diet. Excess Leu or excess Leu, Ile, and Val reduced b0,+AT expression in the jejunum (P 0AT1 expression in the jejunum and tended to increase (P = 0.10) expression in the ileum. In general, b0,+AT expression was higher but CAT1 expression was lower in the jejunum than in the ileum; B0AT1 was similarly expressed in the jejunum and ileum. Excess Leu or any branched-chain AA affects AA transporter expression, which may affect the absorption and availability of AA for animal growth.

Excess Leu reduces the availability of Ile and Val in pigs likely by reducing absorption of the latter amino acids (AA). Twenty-four crossbred pigs were used to evaluate the effect of excess Leu alone or with surplus Ile and Val on the expression of cationic (b0,+AT and CAT1) and neutral (B0AT1) AA transporters in the small intestine, liver, and skeletal muscle. Dietary treatments included: 1) basal diet; 2) basal plus 0.43% L-Leu (excess Leu); 3) basal plus 0.43% Leu, 0.20% L-Ile, and 0.25% L-Val (excess Leu, Ile, and Val). The basal diet contained 0.90% standardized ileal digestible Lys, as well as crystalline L-Lys, L-Thr, DL-Met, L-Trp, L-Leu, L-Ile, L-His, and L-Val. Diets 2 and 3 contained 52% more Leu and diet 3 contained 42% more Ile and Val compared with the basal diet. Excess Leu or excess Leu, Ile, and Val reduced b0,+AT expression in the jejunum (P < 0.05) but had no effect in the ileum and liver. Excess Leu increased CAT1 expression in the ileum but reduced expression in the liver (P < 0.05). Excess Leu, Ile, and Val increased (P < 0.05) B0AT1 expression in the jejunum and tended to increase (P = 0.10) expression in the ileum. In general, b0,+AT expression was higher but CAT1 expression was lower in the jejunum than in the ileum; B0AT1 was similarly expressed in the jejunum and ileum. Excess Leu or any branched-chain AA affects AA transporter expression, which may affect the absorption and availability of AA for animal growth.