Research Article

Effects of conjugated linoleic acid on the expression levels of miR-27 and miR-143 in pig adipose tissue

Published: June 26, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (2) : 6985-6992 DOI: 10.4238/2015.June.26.7

Abstract

In this study, we evaluated the effect and possible mech­anism of action of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on pig body fat deposition. Landrace piglets (N = 48) were randomly divided into three groups, which were fed diets containing 0% (control), 1%, or 2% CLA. Dorsal and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissues were col­lected, and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to de­termine the expression of adipocyte differentiation marker genes and associated microRNAs (miRNAs). Our results indicated that dietary CLA significantly decreased body fat deposition in the pig dorsum. The expression of adipocyte differentiation marker genes, including peroxi­some proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α (C/EBPα) were not affected, whereas the expression of fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) was significantly enhanced (P

In this study, we evaluated the effect and possible mech­anism of action of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on pig body fat deposition. Landrace piglets (N = 48) were randomly divided into three groups, which were fed diets containing 0% (control), 1%, or 2% CLA. Dorsal and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissues were col­lected, and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to de­termine the expression of adipocyte differentiation marker genes and associated microRNAs (miRNAs). Our results indicated that dietary CLA significantly decreased body fat deposition in the pig dorsum. The expression of adipocyte differentiation marker genes, including peroxi­some proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α (C/EBPα) were not affected, whereas the expression of fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) was significantly enhanced (P

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