Research Article

Diadenylate cyclase evaluation of ssDacA (SSU98_1483) in Streptococcus suis serotype 2

Published: June 18, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (2) : 6917-6924 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.June.18.34

Abstract

Cyclic diadenosine monophosphate is a recently identified signaling molecule. It has been shown to play important roles in bacterial pathogenesis. SSU98_1483 (ssDacA), which is an ortholog of Listeria monocytogenes DacA, is a putative diadenylate cyclase in Streptococcus suis serotype 2. In this study, we determined the enzymatic activity of ssDacA in vitro using high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Our results showed that ssDacA was a diadenylate cyclase that converts ATP into cyclic diadenosine monophosphate in vitro. The diadenylate cyclase activity of ssDacA was dependent on divalent metal ions such as Mg2+, Mn2+, or Co2+, and it is more active under basic pH than under acidic pH. The conserved RHR motif in ssDacA was essential for its enzymatic activity, and mutation in this motif abolished the diadenylate cyclase activity of ssDacA. These results indicate that ssDacA is a diadenylate cyclase, which synthesizes cyclic diadenosine monophosphate in Streptococcus suis serotype 2.

Cyclic diadenosine monophosphate is a recently identified signaling molecule. It has been shown to play important roles in bacterial pathogenesis. SSU98_1483 (ssDacA), which is an ortholog of Listeria monocytogenes DacA, is a putative diadenylate cyclase in Streptococcus suis serotype 2. In this study, we determined the enzymatic activity of ssDacA in vitro using high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Our results showed that ssDacA was a diadenylate cyclase that converts ATP into cyclic diadenosine monophosphate in vitro. The diadenylate cyclase activity of ssDacA was dependent on divalent metal ions such as Mg2+, Mn2+, or Co2+, and it is more active under basic pH than under acidic pH. The conserved RHR motif in ssDacA was essential for its enzymatic activity, and mutation in this motif abolished the diadenylate cyclase activity of ssDacA. These results indicate that ssDacA is a diadenylate cyclase, which synthesizes cyclic diadenosine monophosphate in Streptococcus suis serotype 2.

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