Research Article

Relationship between zinc finger protein 36 (ZFP36) gene polymorphisms and obstructive sleep apnea

Abstract

Recent data have indicated that inflammation may have an important correlation with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Studies have indicated a relationship between OSA and TNF-α gene polymorphisms. Zinc finger protein 36 (ZFP36) regulates TNF-α mRNAs. However, ZFP36 gene polymorphisms have not been investigated in OSA. Therefore, we conducted the present case-control study to assess whether variances in ZFP36 gene polymorphisms account for differences in TNF-α levels in patients with moderate-to-severe OSA. This case-control study aims to investigate the relationship between genetic variations in the ZFP36 gene and moderate-to-severe OSA. Three common single nucleotide polymorphisms of the ZFP36 gene (rs251864, rs3746083, and rs17879933) were evaluated in a group of patients with moderate-to-severe OSA (N = 408) and in a control group (N = 394) by using TaqMan polymerase chain reaction analysis. The moderate-to-severe OSA group and the control group exhibited significant differences in the distributions of rs251864 and rs17879933 genotypes and alleles (P ZFP36 gene polymorphisms were observed. Logistic regression analyses demonstrated that TNF-α and the three ZFP36 gene polymorphisms were not independently associated with OSA. ZFP36 might be involved in TNF-α regulation. However, ZFP36 gene variants were not independent risk factors for moderate-to-severe OSA.

Recent data have indicated that inflammation may have an important correlation with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Studies have indicated a relationship between OSA and TNF-α gene polymorphisms. Zinc finger protein 36 (ZFP36) regulates TNF-α mRNAs. However, ZFP36 gene polymorphisms have not been investigated in OSA. Therefore, we conducted the present case-control study to assess whether variances in ZFP36 gene polymorphisms account for differences in TNF-α levels in patients with moderate-to-severe OSA. This case-control study aims to investigate the relationship between genetic variations in the ZFP36 gene and moderate-to-severe OSA. Three common single nucleotide polymorphisms of the ZFP36 gene (rs251864, rs3746083, and rs17879933) were evaluated in a group of patients with moderate-to-severe OSA (N = 408) and in a control group (N = 394) by using TaqMan polymerase chain reaction analysis. The moderate-to-severe OSA group and the control group exhibited significant differences in the distributions of rs251864 and rs17879933 genotypes and alleles (P ZFP36 gene polymorphisms were observed. Logistic regression analyses demonstrated that TNF-α and the three ZFP36 gene polymorphisms were not independently associated with OSA. ZFP36 might be involved in TNF-α regulation. However, ZFP36 gene variants were not independent risk factors for moderate-to-severe OSA.