Research Article

Co-culture of annulus fibrosus cells and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells

Published: April 27, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (2) : 3932-3938 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.April.27.7
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Abstract

To investigate the effect on cell proliferation and extracellular matrix expression of annulus fibrosus (AF) cells when co-cultured with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Primary isolated rabbit BMSCs and AF cells were cultured and harvested cells were placed into a 15-mL centrifugal tube co-culture system in a ratio of 2:1 (A group), 1:1 (B group), and 1:2 (C group). Cell proliferation was evaluated using cell counting kit-8, and mRNA of collagen II and mucopolysaccharide was quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on Days 7, 14, and 21. The cell count, synthesized collagen II and mucopolysaccharide increased in a time-dependent manner, with a peak at Day 21. Cells in Group B proliferated faster and synthesized more collagen II and mucopolysaccharide than groups A and C, where the difference was significant. AF cells and BMSCs in the ratio of 1:1, cultured using the centrifugal tube three-dimensional co-culture system showed that BMSCs can promote AF cell proliferation and extracellular matrix synthesis.

To investigate the effect on cell proliferation and extracellular matrix expression of annulus fibrosus (AF) cells when co-cultured with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Primary isolated rabbit BMSCs and AF cells were cultured and harvested cells were placed into a 15-mL centrifugal tube co-culture system in a ratio of 2:1 (A group), 1:1 (B group), and 1:2 (C group). Cell proliferation was evaluated using cell counting kit-8, and mRNA of collagen II and mucopolysaccharide was quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on Days 7, 14, and 21. The cell count, synthesized collagen II and mucopolysaccharide increased in a time-dependent manner, with a peak at Day 21. Cells in Group B proliferated faster and synthesized more collagen II and mucopolysaccharide than groups A and C, where the difference was significant. AF cells and BMSCs in the ratio of 1:1, cultured using the centrifugal tube three-dimensional co-culture system showed that BMSCs can promote AF cell proliferation and extracellular matrix synthesis.

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