Research Article

Study of the significance of iron deficiency indexes and erythrocyte parameters in anemic pregnant women and their newborns

Published: April 15, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (2) : 3501-3508 DOI: 10.4238/2015.April.15.14

Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the iron deficiency index and erythrocyte parameters in anemic pregnant women and their newborns, and explore their implications for anemia during pregnancy. Pregnant women (70) in the third trimester with hemoglobin (Hb) 110 g/L were selected as the control group, and 70 newborns delivered by women in each group were included in corresponding offspring observation and control groups, respectively. Periodic physical examinations were conducted on the infants, and blood samples were drawn from the women and infants at birth, 42 days, 4 months, and 6 months old for detection of Hb and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels. Pregnant women and their 6-month-old infants in the observation group had significantly different Hb and sTfR levels compared to controls (P 0.05). The detection rate of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) was significant, at 61.43% among 6-month-old infants in the observation group and 22.86% among controls (P 0.05). Therefore, anemia during pregnancy is a major contributing factor of IDA and subclinical iron deficiency among 6-month-old infants.

This study aimed to analyze the iron deficiency index and erythrocyte parameters in anemic pregnant women and their newborns, and explore their implications for anemia during pregnancy. Pregnant women (70) in the third trimester with hemoglobin (Hb) 110 g/L were selected as the control group, and 70 newborns delivered by women in each group were included in corresponding offspring observation and control groups, respectively. Periodic physical examinations were conducted on the infants, and blood samples were drawn from the women and infants at birth, 42 days, 4 months, and 6 months old for detection of Hb and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels. Pregnant women and their 6-month-old infants in the observation group had significantly different Hb and sTfR levels compared to controls (P 0.05). The detection rate of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) was significant, at 61.43% among 6-month-old infants in the observation group and 22.86% among controls (P 0.05). Therefore, anemia during pregnancy is a major contributing factor of IDA and subclinical iron deficiency among 6-month-old infants.

About the Authors