Research Article

Construction of recombinant human IFNα-2b BCG and its antitumor effects on bladder cancer cells in vitro

Published: April 15, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (2) : 3436-3449 DOI: 10.4238/2015.April.15.7

Abstract

We constructed recombinant Bacille Calmette-Guérin (rBCG) that secreted human interferon alpha 2b (hIFNα-2b), and investigated its antitumor effects on bladder cancer cells in vitro. The recombinant plasmid phIFN-α-2b was constructed using pMAO-4 and transformed into BCG. The supernatant was collected at various times and IFN-γ, interleukin (IL)-12, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were detected using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. EJ cells were cultivated for 24, 48, and 72 h, together with rBCG, wild-type BCG (wBCG), or wBCG+IFN-α-2b. rBCG capable of secreting cytokine IFNα-2b was constructed. On the 4th day of culture, the IFNα-2b secreted by rBCG reached a maximum. wBCG and rBCG showed no significant difference on cell growth rate over 7 days of incubation in 7H9 medium. wBCG and rBCG were both positive for acid-fast staining, and showed mycobacterial characteristics of intercellular connection in clusters with no clear abnormalities. Higher levels of IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-12 were induced by rBCG compared with wBCG or MAO4-rBCG (P in vitro and may be used as an alternative to BCG for bladder cancer patients.

We constructed recombinant Bacille Calmette-Guérin (rBCG) that secreted human interferon alpha 2b (hIFNα-2b), and investigated its antitumor effects on bladder cancer cells in vitro. The recombinant plasmid phIFN-α-2b was constructed using pMAO-4 and transformed into BCG. The supernatant was collected at various times and IFN-γ, interleukin (IL)-12, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were detected using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. EJ cells were cultivated for 24, 48, and 72 h, together with rBCG, wild-type BCG (wBCG), or wBCG+IFN-α-2b. rBCG capable of secreting cytokine IFNα-2b was constructed. On the 4th day of culture, the IFNα-2b secreted by rBCG reached a maximum. wBCG and rBCG showed no significant difference on cell growth rate over 7 days of incubation in 7H9 medium. wBCG and rBCG were both positive for acid-fast staining, and showed mycobacterial characteristics of intercellular connection in clusters with no clear abnormalities. Higher levels of IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-12 were induced by rBCG compared with wBCG or MAO4-rBCG (P in vitro and may be used as an alternative to BCG for bladder cancer patients.

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