Short Communication

Microsporogenesis in inbred line of popcorn (Zea mays L.)

Published: October 05, 2007
Genet. Mol. Res. 6 (4) : 1013-1018

Abstract

Endogamy places genes for several characteristics in homozygosis, which include those related to meiosis causing abnormalities that may impair gamete viability. An original population (S0) of popcorn (CMS-43) produced by Embrapa Maize and Sorghum was self-pollinated for seven years, generating inbred lines (S1 to S7). Conventional studies of microsporogenesis revealed that meiotic abnormalities did not increase with endogamy. Univalent chromosomes, irregular chromosome segregation, abnormal cell shape, partial asynapsis, cell fusion, absence of cytokinesis, abnormal spindle orientation, and chromosome stickiness were recorded in low frequency in meiocytes. Since the frequency of abnormalities was low, mainly in S7, inbred lines from CMS-43 have a high potential for hybridization.

Endogamy places genes for several characteristics in homozygosis, which include those related to meiosis causing abnormalities that may impair gamete viability. An original population (S0) of popcorn (CMS-43) produced by Embrapa Maize and Sorghum was self-pollinated for seven years, generating inbred lines (S1 to S7). Conventional studies of microsporogenesis revealed that meiotic abnormalities did not increase with endogamy. Univalent chromosomes, irregular chromosome segregation, abnormal cell shape, partial asynapsis, cell fusion, absence of cytokinesis, abnormal spindle orientation, and chromosome stickiness were recorded in low frequency in meiocytes. Since the frequency of abnormalities was low, mainly in S7, inbred lines from CMS-43 have a high potential for hybridization.

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