Research Article

Association between genetic polymorphisms of PTGS2 and glioma in a Chinese population

Published: April 10, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (2) : 3142-3148 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.April.10.25
Cite this Article:
(2015). Association between genetic polymorphisms of PTGS2 and glioma in a Chinese population. Genet. Mol. Res. 14(2): gmr4290. https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.April.10.25
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Abstract

Several previous studies indicated that genetic polymorphisms in inflammatory factor genes were associated with glioma risk. However, the relationship between the prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) genetic polymorphism and glioma remains unclear in the Chinese population. We selected 199 histologically confirmed adult glioma patients and 199 cancer-free controls for the present study and analyzed the distribution of the PTGS2 genotypes and haplotypes. We found that the CC+CT genotype of rs5275 was common in the control group but not in the glioma group (P = 0.033). In addition, we found that the frequency of the C allele was higher in the control group than in the glioma group (P = 0.014). For rs6681231, although we found no significant difference between the 2 groups in genotype distribution, we found that the frequency of the C allele was lower in glioma patients than in control subjects (P = 0.044). We found no significant difference between these 2 groups in the rs689466 genotype and allele distributions. Haplotype analysis suggested that the frequency of the C-A-C haplotype was significantly lower in glioma patients than in control subjects [P = 0.028, odds ratio (OR) = 0.628, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.413-0.955]. However, the frequency of the T-A-G haplotype was higher in glioma patients than in control subjects (P = 0.036, OR = 1.418, 95%CI = 1.022-1.967). Therefore, polymorphisms in the PTGS2 gene may be associated with glioma susceptibility in the Chinese population.

Several previous studies indicated that genetic polymorphisms in inflammatory factor genes were associated with glioma risk. However, the relationship between the prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) genetic polymorphism and glioma remains unclear in the Chinese population. We selected 199 histologically confirmed adult glioma patients and 199 cancer-free controls for the present study and analyzed the distribution of the PTGS2 genotypes and haplotypes. We found that the CC+CT genotype of rs5275 was common in the control group but not in the glioma group (P = 0.033). In addition, we found that the frequency of the C allele was higher in the control group than in the glioma group (P = 0.014). For rs6681231, although we found no significant difference between the 2 groups in genotype distribution, we found that the frequency of the C allele was lower in glioma patients than in control subjects (P = 0.044). We found no significant difference between these 2 groups in the rs689466 genotype and allele distributions. Haplotype analysis suggested that the frequency of the C-A-C haplotype was significantly lower in glioma patients than in control subjects [P = 0.028, odds ratio (OR) = 0.628, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.413-0.955]. However, the frequency of the T-A-G haplotype was higher in glioma patients than in control subjects (P = 0.036, OR = 1.418, 95%CI = 1.022-1.967). Therefore, polymorphisms in the PTGS2 gene may be associated with glioma susceptibility in the Chinese population.

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