Research Article

Intracellular survival of virulence and low-virulence strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Epinephelus awoara macrophages and peripheral leukocytes

Published: January 30, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (1) : 706-718 DOI: 10.4238/2015.January.30.14

Abstract

In this study, we examined the virulence factors and pathogenesis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Epinephelus awoara. The chemotactic motility of V. parahaemolyticus for phagocytosis and intracellular survival in fish macrophages was determined using virulence strains and low-virulence strains of V. parahaemolyticus. We found that the intracellular mean number of virulence strains of V. parahaemolyticus ranged from 0-180 min after co-incubation with macrophages and peripheral leukocytes, was relatively low, and decreased steadily over the observation period. Low-virulence strains of V. parahaemolyticus were unable to survive in peripheral leukocytes and macrophages. Cell viability in response to V. parahaemolyticus was assessed using the MTT assay. Low-virulence V. parahaemolyticus strains exhibited lower cytotoxicity compared to virulent strains. The average percent of live macrophages and peripheral leukocytes infected by V. parahaemolyticus ranged from 13.50-79.20%. These results indicate that V. parahaemolyticus in E. awoara is a facultative intracellular bacterium that may be involved in virulence.

In this study, we examined the virulence factors and pathogenesis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Epinephelus awoara. The chemotactic motility of V. parahaemolyticus for phagocytosis and intracellular survival in fish macrophages was determined using virulence strains and low-virulence strains of V. parahaemolyticus. We found that the intracellular mean number of virulence strains of V. parahaemolyticus ranged from 0-180 min after co-incubation with macrophages and peripheral leukocytes, was relatively low, and decreased steadily over the observation period. Low-virulence strains of V. parahaemolyticus were unable to survive in peripheral leukocytes and macrophages. Cell viability in response to V. parahaemolyticus was assessed using the MTT assay. Low-virulence V. parahaemolyticus strains exhibited lower cytotoxicity compared to virulent strains. The average percent of live macrophages and peripheral leukocytes infected by V. parahaemolyticus ranged from 13.50-79.20%. These results indicate that V. parahaemolyticus in E. awoara is a facultative intracellular bacterium that may be involved in virulence.