Review

Laronidase for treating mucopolysaccharidosis type I

Published: September 30, 2007
Genet. Mol. Res. 6 (3) : 667-674
Cite this Article:
(2007). Laronidase for treating mucopolysaccharidosis type I. Genet. Mol. Res. 6(3): gmr0370.
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Abstract

Mucopolysaccharidoses are a group of inherited metabolic diseases caused by the absence or deficiency of the lysosomal enzymes that are needed for breaking down glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Over time, GAGs collect in cells, blood and connective tissues, and increased amounts are excreted in the urine. The result is permanent and includes progressive cell damage that affects the individual’s appearance, physical abilities, organ and system functioning and, in certain cases, mental development. Enzyme replacement therapies are currently in use or are being tested for at least three different subtypes (I, II and VI). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of laronidase for treating mucopolysaccharidosis type I. A systematic review of the literature was conducted. A computerized electronic search was then conducted using the CENTRAL, Pubmed, EMBASE, and LILACS databases, to identify any randomized controlled trials. The last date of the search was June 2006. There was no possibility of combining the results, because only one study was included. In the pivotal placebo-controlled trial conducted over a 26-week period, there was a reduction in the urinary excretion of GAGs among treated patients. Regarding adverse events, there were no laronidase-related serious adverse events or deaths. Laronidase seems to be a promising agent for treating mucopolysaccharidosis type I, as shown by the reduction in the urinary excretion of GAGs and the associated improvements in vital capacity and in the performance of defined physical tasks.

Mucopolysaccharidoses are a group of inherited metabolic diseases caused by the absence or deficiency of the lysosomal enzymes that are needed for breaking down glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Over time, GAGs collect in cells, blood and connective tissues, and increased amounts are excreted in the urine. The result is permanent and includes progressive cell damage that affects the individual’s appearance, physical abilities, organ and system functioning and, in certain cases, mental development. Enzyme replacement therapies are currently in use or are being tested for at least three different subtypes (I, II and VI). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of laronidase for treating mucopolysaccharidosis type I. A systematic review of the literature was conducted. A computerized electronic search was then conducted using the CENTRAL, Pubmed, EMBASE, and LILACS databases, to identify any randomized controlled trials. The last date of the search was June 2006. There was no possibility of combining the results, because only one study was included. In the pivotal placebo-controlled trial conducted over a 26-week period, there was a reduction in the urinary excretion of GAGs among treated patients. Regarding adverse events, there were no laronidase-related serious adverse events or deaths. Laronidase seems to be a promising agent for treating mucopolysaccharidosis type I, as shown by the reduction in the urinary excretion of GAGs and the associated improvements in vital capacity and in the performance of defined physical tasks.

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