Research Article

Identification and association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) gene with egg production traits in Erlang mountainous chickens

Published: January 23, 2015
Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (1) : 294-303 DOI: 10.4238/2015.January.23.3

Abstract

Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) gene is an important gene in reproduction. In this study, we screened single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the chicken GnIH gene among 204 individuals in Erlang mountainous chickens. We then analyzed the associations between polymorphisms of the GnIH gene and 5 egg production traits in chickens. Five SNPs (T3305C, T3310C, G3403C, G3411A, and T3591C) were detected. Associations between polymorphic loci and age at first egg, body weight at first egg, weight at first egg, egg weight in 300 days, and egg production in 300 days were analyzed using analysis of covariance. The results showed that SNP1, SNP3, and SNP4 had large effects on age at first egg, while SNP5 had a large effect on body weight at first egg; of the effect of the TT genotype was significantly higher than that of CT (P

Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) gene is an important gene in reproduction. In this study, we screened single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the chicken GnIH gene among 204 individuals in Erlang mountainous chickens. We then analyzed the associations between polymorphisms of the GnIH gene and 5 egg production traits in chickens. Five SNPs (T3305C, T3310C, G3403C, G3411A, and T3591C) were detected. Associations between polymorphic loci and age at first egg, body weight at first egg, weight at first egg, egg weight in 300 days, and egg production in 300 days were analyzed using analysis of covariance. The results showed that SNP1, SNP3, and SNP4 had large effects on age at first egg, while SNP5 had a large effect on body weight at first egg; of the effect of the TT genotype was significantly higher than that of CT (P