Research Article

 Effect of siRNA targeting EZH2 on cell viability and apoptosis of bladder cancer T24 cells

Published: November 27, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (4) : 9939-9950 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.November.27.23
Cite this Article:
H.F. Wang, H. Yang, L.B. Hu, Y.H. Lei, Y. Qin, J. Li, C.W. Bi, J.S. Wang, Q. Huo (2014).  Effect of siRNA targeting EZH2 on cell viability and apoptosis of bladder cancer T24 cells. Genet. Mol. Res. 13(4): 9939-9950. https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.November.27.23
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Abstract

We investigated the effect of siRNA targeting enhancer of EZH2 on cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and apoptosis of human bladder cancer T24 cells. An siRNA-expressing plasmid targeting the EZH2 gene was transfected into T24 cells. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis were used to detect EZH2 expression at the mRNA and protein levels, respectively. Proliferation, invasion, and migration of T24 cells were examined in vivo using MTT, wound healing, and transwell chamber migration assays, respectively. Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide flow cytometric analysis was performed to determine cell apoptosis levels. Expression of EZH2 in T24 cells was suppressed at the mRNA and protein levels. Following transfection for 48 h, growth was inhibited by 37.9%, which was markedly lower than that in the negative control group (P < 0.05). Following a wound-healing assay for 24 h, transfected cell migration distance was 1.37 ± 0.12, which was markedly less than the horizontal migration distance of negative control group cells (P < 0.01). In addition, the cell invasion ability of EZH2- siRNA group cells decreased by 67% compared with negative control group cells (P < 0.01). Following transfection for 48 h, early- and late-stage apoptosis rates for T24 cells were 22.8 and 3.60%, respectively, which were higher than in the negative control group (P < 0.01). EZH2 gene silencing effectively suppressed the proliferation, invasion, and migration abilities of human bladder cancer cells, promoting apoptosis.

We investigated the effect of siRNA targeting enhancer of EZH2 on cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and apoptosis of human bladder cancer T24 cells. An siRNA-expressing plasmid targeting the EZH2 gene was transfected into T24 cells. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis were used to detect EZH2 expression at the mRNA and protein levels, respectively. Proliferation, invasion, and migration of T24 cells were examined in vivo using MTT, wound healing, and transwell chamber migration assays, respectively. Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide flow cytometric analysis was performed to determine cell apoptosis levels. Expression of EZH2 in T24 cells was suppressed at the mRNA and protein levels. Following transfection for 48 h, growth was inhibited by 37.9%, which was markedly lower than that in the negative control group (P EZH2 gene silencing effectively suppressed the proliferation, invasion, and migration abilities of human bladder cancer cells, promoting apoptosis.