Research Article

Assessment of sensitivity and virulence fitness costs of the AvrPik alleles from Magnaporthe oryzae to isoprothiolane

Published: November 24, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (4) : 9701-9709 DOI: 10.4238/2014.November.24.1

Abstract

The in vitro sensitivity of AvrPik allele isolates of Magnaporthe oryzae to isoprothiolane was examined and the virulence fitness costs of AvrPik allele isolates to isoprothiolane were assessed. Isoprothiolane was found to suppress the radial growth of AvrPik allele isolates at all concentrations (1, 5, 10, 15, and 20 μg/mL). Generally, a higher isoprothiolane concentration has a stronger inhibitory effect on mycelial growth in AvrPik allele isolates at 6 and 10 days after inoculation. The inhibitory effect of isoprothiolane also increased with treatment time. To determine whether a correlation existed between the in vitro sensitivity of AvrPik allele isolates and virulence, the half-maximal inhibitor concentration and 75% of the maximum inhibitor concentration were calculated for each mutation isolate and wild-type isolate. Based on these values and virulence, no significant correlation between the susceptibility of AvrPik allele isolates and virulence was detected. In summary, no fitness costs were associated with sensitivity of blast isolates carrying specific AvrPik alleles to different virulence.

The in vitro sensitivity of AvrPik allele isolates of Magnaporthe oryzae to isoprothiolane was examined and the virulence fitness costs of AvrPik allele isolates to isoprothiolane were assessed. Isoprothiolane was found to suppress the radial growth of AvrPik allele isolates at all concentrations (1, 5, 10, 15, and 20 μg/mL). Generally, a higher isoprothiolane concentration has a stronger inhibitory effect on mycelial growth in AvrPik allele isolates at 6 and 10 days after inoculation. The inhibitory effect of isoprothiolane also increased with treatment time. To determine whether a correlation existed between the in vitro sensitivity of AvrPik allele isolates and virulence, the half-maximal inhibitor concentration and 75% of the maximum inhibitor concentration were calculated for each mutation isolate and wild-type isolate. Based on these values and virulence, no significant correlation between the susceptibility of AvrPik allele isolates and virulence was detected. In summary, no fitness costs were associated with sensitivity of blast isolates carrying specific AvrPik alleles to different virulence.