Research Article

Neonatal detection of Turner syndrome by real-time PCR gene quantification of the ARSE and MAGEH1 genes

Published: October 31, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (4) : 9068-9076 DOI: 10.4238/2014.October.31.22

Abstract

Turner syndrome (TS) is characterized by the presence of one full X chromosome and total or partial deletion of the second sex chromosome. Diagnosis of TS is often delayed, resulting in inappropriate treatment. Early diagnosis of TS using a neonatal screening test may improve preventive measures and treatment, thus improving patient quality of life. The goal of this study was to standardize a neonatal TS screening algorithm. Two study genes (ARSE and MAGEH1) and 1 normalizing gene (HBB) were used to detect the second X chromosome. We screened 996 newborns whose peripheral blood was collected and stored in filter paper. In addition, samples from 20 patients with confirmed diagnosis of TS were included in the study. Relative amounts of ARSE/HBB were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The cutoff at the 5th percentile was arbitrarily set to indicate repetition of the test. The test was repeated in 51/1016 patients with ARSE/HBB

Turner syndrome (TS) is characterized by the presence of one full X chromosome and total or partial deletion of the second sex chromosome. Diagnosis of TS is often delayed, resulting in inappropriate treatment. Early diagnosis of TS using a neonatal screening test may improve preventive measures and treatment, thus improving patient quality of life. The goal of this study was to standardize a neonatal TS screening algorithm. Two study genes (ARSE and MAGEH1) and 1 normalizing gene (HBB) were used to detect the second X chromosome. We screened 996 newborns whose peripheral blood was collected and stored in filter paper. In addition, samples from 20 patients with confirmed diagnosis of TS were included in the study. Relative amounts of ARSE/HBB were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The cutoff at the 5th percentile was arbitrarily set to indicate repetition of the test. The test was repeated in 51/1016 patients with ARSE/HBB