Case Report

Novel and recurrent COL7A1 mutations in Chinese patients with dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa

Published: September 12, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (3) : 7587-7592 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.September.12.26
Cite this Article:
(2014). Novel and recurrent COL7A1 mutations in Chinese patients with dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa. Genet. Mol. Res. 13(3): gmr3955. https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.September.12.26
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Abstract

Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa (DEB-Pr) is a rare subtype of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB). This disease is characterized by severe itching, lichenoid nodules or prurigo-like lesions, and linear scarring with a predilection for the extensor limbs. Pathogenic mutations in the type VII collagen alpha 1 (COL7A1) gene have been identified. We analyzed mutations in the COL7A1 gene in a Chinese family including 5 affected individuals with typical DEB-Pr and in a patient previously reported with sporadic DEB-Pr. The entire coding region and exon-intron boundaries of COL7A1 were detected by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. We identified one novel heterozygote mutation (c.6842G>T, p.G2281V) and a second mutation (c.5443G>A, p.G1815R) reported previously in patients with DEB. Our findings contribute to the COL7A1 mutation database and further reveal the genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity of DEB-Pr.

Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa (DEB-Pr) is a rare subtype of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB). This disease is characterized by severe itching, lichenoid nodules or prurigo-like lesions, and linear scarring with a predilection for the extensor limbs. Pathogenic mutations in the type VII collagen alpha 1 (COL7A1) gene have been identified. We analyzed mutations in the COL7A1 gene in a Chinese family including 5 affected individuals with typical DEB-Pr and in a patient previously reported with sporadic DEB-Pr. The entire coding region and exon-intron boundaries of COL7A1 were detected by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. We identified one novel heterozygote mutation (c.6842G>T, p.G2281V) and a second mutation (c.5443G>A, p.G1815R) reported previously in patients with DEB. Our findings contribute to the COL7A1 mutation database and further reveal the genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity of DEB-Pr.

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