Research Article

Inhibitory effect of dexamethasone on Lewis mice lung cancer cells

Published: August 29, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (3) : 6827-6836 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.August.29.4

Abstract

Recent studies have found that glucocorticoids are closely associated with oncogenesis and the development of many types of tumors. The aim of this study was to observe the effect of dexamethasone on the growth and angiogenesis of transplanted Lewis lung carcinoma in mice. Lewis lung carcinoma cells were inoculated subcutaneously into the right axilla of C57BL/6 mice, and the mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: the control group, cisplatin group, and dexamethasone group. From day 7 after inoculation, all the mice were given different treatments for 10 days, and changes in xenograft tumor volumes were monitored. All mice were sacrificed on day 17, and the tumors were obtained and weighed and the tumor inhibitory rate was calculated. The expression levels of hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), as well as the microvessel density (MVD) in the tumor mass, were measured by immunohistochemistry. Tumor growth was suppressed in the cisplatin group and dexamethasone group. The weights of tumors were markedly decreased in the cisplatin group and dexamethasone group compared with the control group (P 0.05). Dexamethasone can effectively inhibit the growth and angiogenesis of Lewis lung carcinoma by inhibiting the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF.

Recent studies have found that glucocorticoids are closely associated with oncogenesis and the development of many types of tumors. The aim of this study was to observe the effect of dexamethasone on the growth and angiogenesis of transplanted Lewis lung carcinoma in mice. Lewis lung carcinoma cells were inoculated subcutaneously into the right axilla of C57BL/6 mice, and the mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: the control group, cisplatin group, and dexamethasone group. From day 7 after inoculation, all the mice were given different treatments for 10 days, and changes in xenograft tumor volumes were monitored. All mice were sacrificed on day 17, and the tumors were obtained and weighed and the tumor inhibitory rate was calculated. The expression levels of hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), as well as the microvessel density (MVD) in the tumor mass, were measured by immunohistochemistry. Tumor growth was suppressed in the cisplatin group and dexamethasone group. The weights of tumors were markedly decreased in the cisplatin group and dexamethasone group compared with the control group (P 0.05). Dexamethasone can effectively inhibit the growth and angiogenesis of Lewis lung carcinoma by inhibiting the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF.