Research Article

Cross-leg repair of large soft-tissue defects in distal sites of the feet by distally based neuro-fasciocutaneous flaps with perforating vessels

Published: July 25, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (3) : 5484-5491 DOI: 10.4238/2014.July.25.1

Abstract

The objective of this study was to introduce a method for repairing large soft-tissue defects on the foot. Distally based neuro-fasciocutaneous flaps with perforating vessels were designed along the saphenous and sural neurovascular axes. The cutaneous perforating branches of the major arteries of the lower extremities were used as pedicles, which provided a rotation arc for the cross-leg flap to cover the large-sized soft-tissue defects on the foot. We transferred 6 neurocutaneous vascular axial flaps, including 4 saphenous neurocutaneous axial flaps (ranging from 25 x 13 to 17 x 9 cm in area) with posterior tibial perforators as the pedicle, and 2 sural neurocutaneous axial flaps (ranging from 29 x 12 to 18 x 7 cm in area) supplied by the perforating branches of the peroneal vessels. These 6 cases of neuro-fasciocutaneous flaps survived with satisfactory cosmetic appearances and functional results on follow-up at 8 to 17 months post-surgery. Placing a distally based neuro-fasciocutaneous cross-leg flap with perforating vessels is an effective method for repairing large-sized soft-tissue defects on the foot.

The objective of this study was to introduce a method for repairing large soft-tissue defects on the foot. Distally based neuro-fasciocutaneous flaps with perforating vessels were designed along the saphenous and sural neurovascular axes. The cutaneous perforating branches of the major arteries of the lower extremities were used as pedicles, which provided a rotation arc for the cross-leg flap to cover the large-sized soft-tissue defects on the foot. We transferred 6 neurocutaneous vascular axial flaps, including 4 saphenous neurocutaneous axial flaps (ranging from 25 x 13 to 17 x 9 cm in area) with posterior tibial perforators as the pedicle, and 2 sural neurocutaneous axial flaps (ranging from 29 x 12 to 18 x 7 cm in area) supplied by the perforating branches of the peroneal vessels. These 6 cases of neuro-fasciocutaneous flaps survived with satisfactory cosmetic appearances and functional results on follow-up at 8 to 17 months post-surgery. Placing a distally based neuro-fasciocutaneous cross-leg flap with perforating vessels is an effective method for repairing large-sized soft-tissue defects on the foot.