Research Article

Association of dietary intake of folate and MTHFR genotype with breast cancer risk

Published: July 24, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (3) : 5446-5451 DOI: 10.4238/2014.July.24.24

Abstract

We conducted a hospital-based case-control study to investigate the associations of dietary intake of folate and MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms with breast cancer in a Chinese population. A 1:1-matched case-control study was conducted. Two hundred and thirty patients who were newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed breast cancer and 230 controls were enrolled from Xinxiang Central Hospital. Folate intake was calculated by standard portion size and relative size for each food item in the questionnaire. Genotyping of MTHFR C677T and A1298C was performed by PCR-RFLP. MTHFR 677TT (OR = 2.26, 95%CI = 1.09-4.87, P = 0.02) and T allele (OR = 1.40, 95%CI = 1.03-1.90, P = 0.03) had an increased risk of laryngeal cancer when compared with the CC genotype. We found any interaction between MTHFR C677T and folate intake (P for interaction = 0.02). In conclusion, our study demonstrated that MTHFR C677T polymorphism and folate are associated with risk of breast cancer.

We conducted a hospital-based case-control study to investigate the associations of dietary intake of folate and MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms with breast cancer in a Chinese population. A 1:1-matched case-control study was conducted. Two hundred and thirty patients who were newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed breast cancer and 230 controls were enrolled from Xinxiang Central Hospital. Folate intake was calculated by standard portion size and relative size for each food item in the questionnaire. Genotyping of MTHFR C677T and A1298C was performed by PCR-RFLP. MTHFR 677TT (OR = 2.26, 95%CI = 1.09-4.87, P = 0.02) and T allele (OR = 1.40, 95%CI = 1.03-1.90, P = 0.03) had an increased risk of laryngeal cancer when compared with the CC genotype. We found any interaction between MTHFR C677T and folate intake (P for interaction = 0.02). In conclusion, our study demonstrated that MTHFR C677T polymorphism and folate are associated with risk of breast cancer.