Research Article

Relationship between renal injury and the antagonistic roles of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and ACE2

Published: April 03, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (2) : 2333-2342 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.April.3.5
Cite this Article:
(2014). Relationship between renal injury and the antagonistic roles of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and ACE2. Genet. Mol. Res. 13(2): gmr2289. https://doi.org/10.4238/2014.April.3.5
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Abstract

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a newly discovered carboxypeptidase in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), antagonizes ACE activity and plays an active role during tissue injury. Yet the mechanism of its action is not well known. Using a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced renal injury rat model, we investigated the relationship between renal injury and the antagonism between ACE and ACE2. We assayed the levels of urea nitrogen, urine glucose, creatinine, and protein, Ace2, Ace, angiotensin II type 1 receptor (At1) and Mas receptor mRNA, and renal and plasma angiotensin II (Ang II) in STZ-treated and untreated rats. We also used histology and immunohistochemistry to assess glomerular injury and ACE2 glomerular and cortical expression. The amounts of urea nitrogen, urine glucose, creatinine, and protein were significantly higher in STZ-treated rats than in control rats (P Ace2 and Ace mRNA levels were significantly higher in STZ-treated rats than in control rats (P At1 mRNA levels in the 2 groups, although At1 levels showed an increase upon STZ-treatment. The Ang II level in the renal cortical tissue and plasma of STZ-treated rats was higher than that of control rats (P

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a newly discovered carboxypeptidase in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), antagonizes ACE activity and plays an active role during tissue injury. Yet the mechanism of its action is not well known. Using a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced renal injury rat model, we investigated the relationship between renal injury and the antagonism between ACE and ACE2. We assayed the levels of urea nitrogen, urine glucose, creatinine, and protein, Ace2, Ace, angiotensin II type 1 receptor (At1) and Mas receptor mRNA, and renal and plasma angiotensin II (Ang II) in STZ-treated and untreated rats. We also used histology and immunohistochemistry to assess glomerular injury and ACE2 glomerular and cortical expression. The amounts of urea nitrogen, urine glucose, creatinine, and protein were significantly higher in STZ-treated rats than in control rats (P Ace2 and Ace mRNA levels were significantly higher in STZ-treated rats than in control rats (P At1 mRNA levels in the 2 groups, although At1 levels showed an increase upon STZ-treatment. The Ang II level in the renal cortical tissue and plasma of STZ-treated rats was higher than that of control rats (P