Research Article

Stability and adaptability of grain sorghum hybrids in the off-season

Published: March 24, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (3) : 7626-7635 DOI: 10.4238/2014.March.24.24

Abstract

We analyzed productivity data obtained from experiments on grain sorghum conducted in 7 locations of its cultivation in Brazil. A total of 25 hybrids were analyzed, of which 22 were pre-commercial and 3 were cultivars. The Wricke and Purchase et al. methods were highly consistent in identifying individuals with low contributions to genotype x environment interactions. The Lin and Binns method proved to be easily applicable and interpretable but it was not efficient in detecting individuals with specific adaptations. An additive main effect and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) model indicated the suitability of cultivar 1G282 for the cities of Guaíra, Sete Lagoas, and Vilhena, and hybrids 0307087 and 0307091 for the southeast of Goiás. The associations of the Eberhart and Russell method with AMMI indicated that 0307071, 0307131, 0307511, and 0307651 showed adaptability to favorable environments. Hybrid 0009061 stood out as the most adaptable and stable cultivar.

We analyzed productivity data obtained from experiments on grain sorghum conducted in 7 locations of its cultivation in Brazil. A total of 25 hybrids were analyzed, of which 22 were pre-commercial and 3 were cultivars. The Wricke and Purchase et al. methods were highly consistent in identifying individuals with low contributions to genotype x environment interactions. The Lin and Binns method proved to be easily applicable and interpretable but it was not efficient in detecting individuals with specific adaptations. An additive main effect and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) model indicated the suitability of cultivar 1G282 for the cities of Guaíra, Sete Lagoas, and Vilhena, and hybrids 0307087 and 0307091 for the southeast of Goiás. The associations of the Eberhart and Russell method with AMMI indicated that 0307071, 0307131, 0307511, and 0307651 showed adaptability to favorable environments. Hybrid 0009061 stood out as the most adaptable and stable cultivar.