Research Article

Investigation of the association of two candidate genes (H-FABP and PSMC1) with growth and carcass traits in Qinchuan beef cattle from China

Published: March 17, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (1) : 1876-1884 DOI: 10.4238/2014.March.17.15

Abstract

Growth and carcass traits are economically important quality characteristics of beef cattle and are complex quantitative traits that are controlled by multiple genes. In this study, 2 candidate genes, H-FABP (encoding the heart fatty acid-binding protein) and PSMC1 (encoding the proteasome 26S subunit of ATPase 1) were investigated in Qinchuan beef cattle of China. PCR-SSCP and DNA sequencing methods were used to detect mutations in the H-FABP and PSMC1 genes in Qinchuan cattle, and a T>C mutation in exon 1 of H-FABP and a T>C mutation in exon 9 of PSMC1 were identified. The association of these 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms with growth and carcass traits of Qinchuan cattle was analyzed. The T>C mutation in H-FABP was significantly associated with body length and dressing percentage (P C mutation in PSMC1 with body length and hip width (P H-FABP and PSMC1 had effects on growth and carcass traits in the Qinchuan beef cattle breed. Thus, the results of our study suggest that the H-FABP and PSMC1 gene polymorphisms could be used as genetic markers in marker-assisted selection for improving Qinchuan beef cattle.

Growth and carcass traits are economically important quality characteristics of beef cattle and are complex quantitative traits that are controlled by multiple genes. In this study, 2 candidate genes, H-FABP (encoding the heart fatty acid-binding protein) and PSMC1 (encoding the proteasome 26S subunit of ATPase 1) were investigated in Qinchuan beef cattle of China. PCR-SSCP and DNA sequencing methods were used to detect mutations in the H-FABP and PSMC1 genes in Qinchuan cattle, and a T>C mutation in exon 1 of H-FABP and a T>C mutation in exon 9 of PSMC1 were identified. The association of these 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms with growth and carcass traits of Qinchuan cattle was analyzed. The T>C mutation in H-FABP was significantly associated with body length and dressing percentage (P C mutation in PSMC1 with body length and hip width (P H-FABP and PSMC1 had effects on growth and carcass traits in the Qinchuan beef cattle breed. Thus, the results of our study suggest that the H-FABP and PSMC1 gene polymorphisms could be used as genetic markers in marker-assisted selection for improving Qinchuan beef cattle.