Research Article

Fetal fibronectin detection for preterm birth prediction

Published: February 28, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (1) : 1323-1328 DOI: 10.4238/2014.February.28.4

Abstract

To study preterm birth prediction based on fetal fibronectin (fFN) in pregnant women, we randomly selected 124 patients. Vaginal posterior fornix secretions were analyzed using fFN quick test strips. Leucorrhea routine samples were collected to detect bacterial vaginosis, mycoplasma, and chlamydia. Delivery data at 7 days, 14 days, 34 weeks, and 37 weeks were documented and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were analyzed. Of the 124 cases, we found 2, 4, 10, and 18 cases of maternity within 7 days, 14 days, 34 weeks, and 37 weeks, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were as follows: 100, 77.8, 6.9, and 100% for 7 days; 75, 78.3, 10.3, and 98.9% for 14 days; 50.0, 78.9, 17.2, and 94.7% for 34 weeks; 33.3, 78.3, 20.7, and 87.4% for 37 weeks, respectively. Except for 18 preterm births, 23 cases were fFN-positive, 17 cases had lower genital tract infection. Eighty-three cases were fFN-negative, of which 18 cases had the lower genital tract infections. This difference was statistically significant (P

To study preterm birth prediction based on fetal fibronectin (fFN) in pregnant women, we randomly selected 124 patients. Vaginal posterior fornix secretions were analyzed using fFN quick test strips. Leucorrhea routine samples were collected to detect bacterial vaginosis, mycoplasma, and chlamydia. Delivery data at 7 days, 14 days, 34 weeks, and 37 weeks were documented and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were analyzed. Of the 124 cases, we found 2, 4, 10, and 18 cases of maternity within 7 days, 14 days, 34 weeks, and 37 weeks, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were as follows: 100, 77.8, 6.9, and 100% for 7 days; 75, 78.3, 10.3, and 98.9% for 14 days; 50.0, 78.9, 17.2, and 94.7% for 34 weeks; 33.3, 78.3, 20.7, and 87.4% for 37 weeks, respectively. Except for 18 preterm births, 23 cases were fFN-positive, 17 cases had lower genital tract infection. Eighty-three cases were fFN-negative, of which 18 cases had the lower genital tract infections. This difference was statistically significant (P