Research Article

TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway-mediated and oxLDL-induced up-regulation of LOX-1, MCP-1, and VCAM-1 expressions in human umbilical vein endothelial cells

Published: January 28, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (1) : 680-695 DOI: 10.4238/2014.January.28.13

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the function and signaling pathway of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced up-regulated expressions of oxidized LDL receptor 1 (LOX-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). HUVECs were incubated with different oxLDL concentrations (0, 20, 40, 60, and 80 μg/mL) for 24 and 48 h. The influence of oxLDL on TLR4, LOX-1, MCP-1, and VCAM-1 expressions in HUVECs was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. HUVECs were transfected with small interfering RNA targeting TLR4 (siTLR4), in which protein expressions of LOX-1, MCP-1, and VCAM-1, and the nuclear translocation of NF-kB (P50) were detected by Western blot. After 48 h of processing HUVECs with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), protein expressions of TLR4, LOX-1, MCP-1, and VCAM- 1 were detected by Western blot. OxLDL induced a concentration-dependent up-regulation of mRNA and protein expressions of TLR4, LOX-1, MCP-1, and VCAM-1 in HUVECs (P

This study aimed to investigate the function and signaling pathway of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced up-regulated expressions of oxidized LDL receptor 1 (LOX-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). HUVECs were incubated with different oxLDL concentrations (0, 20, 40, 60, and 80 μg/mL) for 24 and 48 h. The influence of oxLDL on TLR4, LOX-1, MCP-1, and VCAM-1 expressions in HUVECs was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. HUVECs were transfected with small interfering RNA targeting TLR4 (siTLR4), in which protein expressions of LOX-1, MCP-1, and VCAM-1, and the nuclear translocation of NF-kB (P50) were detected by Western blot. After 48 h of processing HUVECs with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), protein expressions of TLR4, LOX-1, MCP-1, and VCAM- 1 were detected by Western blot. OxLDL induced a concentration-dependent up-regulation of mRNA and protein expressions of TLR4, LOX-1, MCP-1, and VCAM-1 in HUVECs (P