Research Article

Polymorphism of the inhibin βA gene and its relationship with superovulation traits in Chinese Holstein cows

Published: January 17, 2014
Genet. Mol. Res. 13 (1) : 269-275 DOI: 10.4238/2014.January.17.11

Abstract

Inhibin is a major regulator of secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone, which is involved in follicular development and regulation of steroidogenesis in females. The objectives of this study were to detect polymorphisms of the bovine inhibin beta-A subunit (INHβA) gene and to evaluate its associations with superovulatory responses in 171 Chinese Holstein cows treated for superovulation. Polymerase chain reaction-restricted fragment length polymorphism revealed a C>T transition determining the StyI polymorphism at position 7639 in intron I of the bovine INHβA gene, and three genotypes (CC, CT, and TT) were detected. The frequencies of the three genotypes showed a tendency for CT > TT > CC, and this polymorphism was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Statistical analysis revealed no significant differences of least square means for superovulation traits among the three genotypes (P > 0.05). These results demonstrate, for the first time, that the detected loci of the INHβA gene have no significant effects on superovulation performance in Chinese Holstein cows.

Inhibin is a major regulator of secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone, which is involved in follicular development and regulation of steroidogenesis in females. The objectives of this study were to detect polymorphisms of the bovine inhibin beta-A subunit (INHβA) gene and to evaluate its associations with superovulatory responses in 171 Chinese Holstein cows treated for superovulation. Polymerase chain reaction-restricted fragment length polymorphism revealed a C>T transition determining the StyI polymorphism at position 7639 in intron I of the bovine INHβA gene, and three genotypes (CC, CT, and TT) were detected. The frequencies of the three genotypes showed a tendency for CT > TT > CC, and this polymorphism was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Statistical analysis revealed no significant differences of least square means for superovulation traits among the three genotypes (P > 0.05). These results demonstrate, for the first time, that the detected loci of the INHβA gene have no significant effects on superovulation performance in Chinese Holstein cows.

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