Research Article

Relationship between dilated cardiomyopathy and the E23K and I337V polymorphisms in the Kir6.2 subunit of the KATP channel

Published: October 10, 2013
Genet. Mol. Res. 12 (4) : 4383-4392 DOI: 10.4238/2013.October.10.4

Abstract

ATP-sensitive potassium channels play an important role in myocardial electrical activity. Genetic disruption of these channels predisposes the myocardium to cardiac diseases. Herein we investigated whether two polymorphisms, E23K and I337V, located in the Kir6.2 subunit of ATP-sensitive potassium channels are associated with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in a Chinese population. Blood was collected from DCM patients and controls. DNA was extracted for polymerase chain reaction, which was followed by DNA sequencing. The 2 polymorphisms were present in both DCM patients and normal controls. The frequencies of both the E23K and the I337V polymorphisms were not significantly different between DCM patients and normal controls. However, in DCM patients carrying the E23K polymorphism, the left ventricular end diastolic dimension (LVEDD) and the left atrial dimension (LAD) were significantly greater than those in DCM patients without the E23K polymorphism. Moreover, the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias in DCM patients was also slightly increased in the presence of the E23K polymorphism (P

ATP-sensitive potassium channels play an important role in myocardial electrical activity. Genetic disruption of these channels predisposes the myocardium to cardiac diseases. Herein we investigated whether two polymorphisms, E23K and I337V, located in the Kir6.2 subunit of ATP-sensitive potassium channels are associated with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in a Chinese population. Blood was collected from DCM patients and controls. DNA was extracted for polymerase chain reaction, which was followed by DNA sequencing. The 2 polymorphisms were present in both DCM patients and normal controls. The frequencies of both the E23K and the I337V polymorphisms were not significantly different between DCM patients and normal controls. However, in DCM patients carrying the E23K polymorphism, the left ventricular end diastolic dimension (LVEDD) and the left atrial dimension (LAD) were significantly greater than those in DCM patients without the E23K polymorphism. Moreover, the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias in DCM patients was also slightly increased in the presence of the E23K polymorphism (P

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