Research Article

Endothelial cells on the proliferation and expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and interleukin 8 of vascular smooth muscle cells

Published: October 10, 2013
Genet. Mol. Res. 12 (4) : 4363-4370 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4238/2013.October.10.2
Cite this Article:
(2013). Endothelial cells on the proliferation and expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and interleukin 8 of vascular smooth muscle cells. Genet. Mol. Res. 12(4): gmr2585. https://doi.org/10.4238/2013.October.10.2
1,291 views

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of activated endothelial cells on the proliferation and secretion of vas­cular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Cultured lung microvascular endothelial cells were treated with or without tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α; 10 ng/mL) for 6 h, and the supernatant was collected and filtered. The supernatant with TNF-α was called fluid A, and that without TNF-α was called fluid B. VSMCs were cultured and divided into 3 groups with different media as follows: activated medium [fluid A and Dulbecco’s modified Eagle medium (DMEM); activated group], inactivated medium (fluid B and DMEM; inactivated group), and DMEM only (control group) for 24 h. Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), interleukin (IL)-8, and IL-6 levels in the supernatant of VSMCs were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay 0 and 24 h after grouping. The proliferation of VSMCs was detected with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. ICAM-1 and IL-8 increased above baseline values in the 3 groups; the maximum increase occurred in activated medium. The optical densities in MTT assay of the activated, inactivated, and con­trol groups was 1.35 ± 0.11, 1.01 ± 0.09, and 0.29 ± 0.01, respectively, which correlated positively with the initial IL-6 level in the superna­tant of the VSMCs (r = 0.63, P

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of activated endothelial cells on the proliferation and secretion of vas­cular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Cultured lung microvascular endothelial cells were treated with or without tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α; 10 ng/mL) for 6 h, and the supernatant was collected and filtered. The supernatant with TNF-α was called fluid A, and that without TNF-α was called fluid B. VSMCs were cultured and divided into 3 groups with different media as follows: activated medium [fluid A and Dulbecco’s modified Eagle medium (DMEM); activated group], inactivated medium (fluid B and DMEM; inactivated group), and DMEM only (control group) for 24 h. Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), interleukin (IL)-8, and IL-6 levels in the supernatant of VSMCs were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay 0 and 24 h after grouping. The proliferation of VSMCs was detected with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. ICAM-1 and IL-8 increased above baseline values in the 3 groups; the maximum increase occurred in activated medium. The optical densities in MTT assay of the activated, inactivated, and con­trol groups was 1.35 ± 0.11, 1.01 ± 0.09, and 0.29 ± 0.01, respectively, which correlated positively with the initial IL-6 level in the superna­tant of the VSMCs (r = 0.63, P

About the Authors