Research Article

Relationship between multidrug resistance 1 polymorphisms and the risk of prostate cancer in Chinese populations

Published: September 19, 2013
Genet. Mol. Res. 12 (3) : 3806-3812 DOI: 10.4238/2013.September.19.12

Abstract

Prostate cancer is one of the most common malignancies in men. The multidrug resistance 1 gene (MDR1) is an important candidate gene for prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between MDR1 gene polymorphisms and the risk of prostate cancer. MDR1 gene polymorphism and its association with the risk of prostate cancer were investigated in 357 Chinese men. A novel c.1465C>T polymorphism was detected with created restriction site-polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing. We found a significantly increased risk of prostate cancer in the homozygote comparison [TT vs CC: odds ratio (OR) = 2.300, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 1.261-4.196, chi-square = 7.53, P = 0.007], heterozygote comparison (TC vs CC: OR = 1.667, 95%CI = 1.049-2.648, chi-square = 4.71, P = 0.030), dominant model (TT/TC vs CC: OR = 1.835, 95%CI = 1.197-2.815, chi-square = 7.81, P = 0.005), recessive model (TT vs TC/CC: OR = 1.776, 95%CI = 1.023- 3.085, chi-square = 4.23, P = 0.041), and allele contrast (T vs C: OR = 1.625, 95%CI = 1.199-2.202, chi-square = 9.87, P = 0.002). These findings suggested that the c.1465C>T polymorphism of MDR1 may be risk factors for prostate cancer in Chinese men.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common malignancies in men. The multidrug resistance 1 gene (MDR1) is an important candidate gene for prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between MDR1 gene polymorphisms and the risk of prostate cancer. MDR1 gene polymorphism and its association with the risk of prostate cancer were investigated in 357 Chinese men. A novel c.1465C>T polymorphism was detected with created restriction site-polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing. We found a significantly increased risk of prostate cancer in the homozygote comparison [TT vs CC: odds ratio (OR) = 2.300, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 1.261-4.196, chi-square = 7.53, P = 0.007], heterozygote comparison (TC vs CC: OR = 1.667, 95%CI = 1.049-2.648, chi-square = 4.71, P = 0.030), dominant model (TT/TC vs CC: OR = 1.835, 95%CI = 1.197-2.815, chi-square = 7.81, P = 0.005), recessive model (TT vs TC/CC: OR = 1.776, 95%CI = 1.023- 3.085, chi-square = 4.23, P = 0.041), and allele contrast (T vs C: OR = 1.625, 95%CI = 1.199-2.202, chi-square = 9.87, P = 0.002). These findings suggested that the c.1465C>T polymorphism of MDR1 may be risk factors for prostate cancer in Chinese men.