Research Article

Multiple abnormalities due to a nonsense mutation in the Alx4 gene

Published: August 02, 2013
Genet. Mol. Res. 12 (3) : 2771-2778 DOI: 10.4238/2013.August.2.2

Abstract

Patterning of the limb anterior-posterior axes depends on several signals that derive from the three signaling centers of the limb bud. These signals interact to constitute a complex and ordered network that critically contributes to the development of limb buds. Preaxial polydactyly in mouse is predominantly caused by ectopic expression of the zone of polarizing activity or Sonic hedgehog in the anterior region of the limb bud. In this study, we describe an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-induced polydactylous mouse (Alx4m1Yzcm) with an extra digit on the anterior aspect of one or two hinddigits. The mutation was mapped to chromosome 2, between markers D2Mit45 and D2Mit184. The Alx4 gene was identified as a potential candidate gene in this location. Sequence analysis of the Alx4 gene for polydactylous heterozygotes revealed an A/T transversion mutation that resulted in substitution of a lysine codon with a stop (nonsense) codon at position 145. Alx4m1Yzcm homozygous mice exhibited multiple abnormalities, including extensive preaxial polydactyly of all four limbs (up to seven digits) and the formation of omphalocele.

Patterning of the limb anterior-posterior axes depends on several signals that derive from the three signaling centers of the limb bud. These signals interact to constitute a complex and ordered network that critically contributes to the development of limb buds. Preaxial polydactyly in mouse is predominantly caused by ectopic expression of the zone of polarizing activity or Sonic hedgehog in the anterior region of the limb bud. In this study, we describe an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-induced polydactylous mouse (Alx4m1Yzcm) with an extra digit on the anterior aspect of one or two hinddigits. The mutation was mapped to chromosome 2, between markers D2Mit45 and D2Mit184. The Alx4 gene was identified as a potential candidate gene in this location. Sequence analysis of the Alx4 gene for polydactylous heterozygotes revealed an A/T transversion mutation that resulted in substitution of a lysine codon with a stop (nonsense) codon at position 145. Alx4m1Yzcm homozygous mice exhibited multiple abnormalities, including extensive preaxial polydactyly of all four limbs (up to seven digits) and the formation of omphalocele.