Research Article

Association between CASP-8 gene polymorphisms and cancer risk in some Asian population based on a HuGE review and meta-analysis

Published: February 28, 2013
Genet. Mol. Res. 12 (4) : 6466-6476 DOI: 10.4238/2013.February.28.3

Abstract

Genetic variation in the CASP-8 gene reportedly can increase cancer susceptibility by regulating tumor cell proliferation and apoptosis. Several studies have investigated this possibility; however, the conclusions remain controversial. We made a Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) review and did a meta-analysis to explore the association between CASP-8 gene polymorphisms and cancer risk in Asian populations. Based on the inclusion criteria, 12 case-control studies comprising 7720 cancer cases and 9404 healthy controls were retrieved. Meta-analysis results showed that the rs3834129*del allele/carrier were associated with decreased risk of cancer in Asian populations [del allele: odd ratio (OR) = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.75-0.83, P 0.05). This meta-analysis suggests that the rs3834129*del allele/ carrier, rs6704688*T allele/carrier, rs3769827*C allele/carrier, and rs3769825*C allele/carrier might be protective factors for cancer risk in Asian populations, while the rs7608692*A allele might be a risk factor for cancer risk in Asian populations.

Genetic variation in the CASP-8 gene reportedly can increase cancer susceptibility by regulating tumor cell proliferation and apoptosis. Several studies have investigated this possibility; however, the conclusions remain controversial. We made a Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) review and did a meta-analysis to explore the association between CASP-8 gene polymorphisms and cancer risk in Asian populations. Based on the inclusion criteria, 12 case-control studies comprising 7720 cancer cases and 9404 healthy controls were retrieved. Meta-analysis results showed that the rs3834129*del allele/carrier were associated with decreased risk of cancer in Asian populations [del allele: odd ratio (OR) = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.75-0.83, P 0.05). This meta-analysis suggests that the rs3834129*del allele/ carrier, rs6704688*T allele/carrier, rs3769827*C allele/carrier, and rs3769825*C allele/carrier might be protective factors for cancer risk in Asian populations, while the rs7608692*A allele might be a risk factor for cancer risk in Asian populations.