Research Article

Polymorphisms of the bovine growth differentiation factor 9 gene associated with superovulation performance in Chinese Holstein cows

Published: February 08, 2013
Genet. Mol. Res. 12 (1) : 390-399 DOI: 10.4238/2013.February.8.3

Abstract

Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) belongs to the transforming growth factor β superfamily and plays a critical role in ovarian follicular development and ovulation rate. We examined the bovine GDF9 gene polymorphism and analyzed its association with superovulation performance. Based on the sequence of the bovine GDF9 gene, six pairs of primers were designed to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms of two exons and intron 1 of GDF9 using polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism. Only the products amplified by primer 3-1 displayed polymorphisms. Sequencing revealed two mutations of A485T and A625T in intron 1 of the GDF9 gene in 171 Chinese Holstein cows treated for superovulation. Association analysis showed that these two single nucleotide polymorphisms of A485T and A625T had significant effects on the number of transferable embryos (P 0.05). This study is the first to identify two polymorphisms in bovine GDF9 and describe their correlation with superovulation traits in Chinese Holstein cows.

Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) belongs to the transforming growth factor β superfamily and plays a critical role in ovarian follicular development and ovulation rate. We examined the bovine GDF9 gene polymorphism and analyzed its association with superovulation performance. Based on the sequence of the bovine GDF9 gene, six pairs of primers were designed to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms of two exons and intron 1 of GDF9 using polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism. Only the products amplified by primer 3-1 displayed polymorphisms. Sequencing revealed two mutations of A485T and A625T in intron 1 of the GDF9 gene in 171 Chinese Holstein cows treated for superovulation. Association analysis showed that these two single nucleotide polymorphisms of A485T and A625T had significant effects on the number of transferable embryos (P 0.05). This study is the first to identify two polymorphisms in bovine GDF9 and describe their correlation with superovulation traits in Chinese Holstein cows.