Research Article

Sexual dimorphism of STGC3 tumor suppressor function in nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE2 cells

Published: December 19, 2012
Genet. Mol. Res. 11 (4) : 4585-4597 DOI: 10.4238/2012.October.9.9

Abstract

STGC3 is a potential tumor suppressor in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. We previously found that CNE2 cells that re-expressed STGC3 formed smaller tumors in female mice than in male mice. Here, we investigated the sexual dimorphism of STGC3 as a tumor-suppressor in female and male nude mice injected subcutaneously with pcDNA3.1(+)-STGC3/CNE2 cells. ER-α was positively expressed in vitro in the CNE2 cells. The pcDNA3.1(+)-STGC3/CNE2 cell growth rate decreased after treatment with β-estradiol in vitro. There were significant differences in tumor size or mass between pcDNA3.1(+)-STGC3/CNE2 and control cases (P STGC3 transfection groups, and the pcDNA3.1(+)-STGC3/CNE2 tumor growth rate in the female nude mice was the lowest in all cases (P 0/G1 phase in pcDNA3.1(+)-STGC3/ CNE2 tumor xenografts in the female mice. Protemic analysis found 9 differentially expressed proteins in the pcDNA3.1-STGC3/CNE2 xenograft tissues in females and males. A heat shock 70 protein 8 isoform 2 variant was identified as a down-regulated protein associated with cell cycle control and its downstream factor cyclin D1 was also decreased in STGC3-repressed xenografts in female mice. The data above suggest that STGC3 and its associated proteins play an important role in nasopharyngeal carcinoma gender differences.

STGC3 is a potential tumor suppressor in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. We previously found that CNE2 cells that re-expressed STGC3 formed smaller tumors in female mice than in male mice. Here, we investigated the sexual dimorphism of STGC3 as a tumor-suppressor in female and male nude mice injected subcutaneously with pcDNA3.1(+)-STGC3/CNE2 cells. ER-α was positively expressed in vitro in the CNE2 cells. The pcDNA3.1(+)-STGC3/CNE2 cell growth rate decreased after treatment with β-estradiol in vitro. There were significant differences in tumor size or mass between pcDNA3.1(+)-STGC3/CNE2 and control cases (P STGC3 transfection groups, and the pcDNA3.1(+)-STGC3/CNE2 tumor growth rate in the female nude mice was the lowest in all cases (P 0/G1 phase in pcDNA3.1(+)-STGC3/ CNE2 tumor xenografts in the female mice. Protemic analysis found 9 differentially expressed proteins in the pcDNA3.1-STGC3/CNE2 xenograft tissues in females and males. A heat shock 70 protein 8 isoform 2 variant was identified as a down-regulated protein associated with cell cycle control and its downstream factor cyclin D1 was also decreased in STGC3-repressed xenografts in female mice. The data above suggest that STGC3 and its associated proteins play an important role in nasopharyngeal carcinoma gender differences.

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