Research Article

Phylogeny and systematics of Indian Polygonum sensu lato in the subfamily Polygonoideae based on ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA

Published: December 17, 2012
Genet. Mol. Res. 11 (4) : 4370-4382 DOI: 10.4238/2012.October.4.1

Abstract

The nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences from 44 Indian Polygonum taxa were examined to investigate relationships among various sections proposed by earlier researchers. The maximum parsimony trees obtained from analysis of the ITS sequences suggested eight major groups of the Indian Polygonum spp. The relationships among different sections were largely congruent with those inferred from morphological characters as described by Hooker. Also, the treatment of the Persicaria suggested by Haraldson on the basis of anatomical characters proved to be nearly in line with that based on our molecular data. We provide a high resolution of phylogeny of the Himalayan Polygonum sensu lato and support merger of the section Amblygonon in the section Persicaria. Moreover, we made the first phylogenetic analysis of many of the less known Himalayan Polygonums, including Polygonum microcephalum, P. assamicum, P. recumbens, and P. effusum. Molecular differences were detected among Persicaria barbata collected from different geographical locations of India, although these were not differentiated at the morphological level.

The nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences from 44 Indian Polygonum taxa were examined to investigate relationships among various sections proposed by earlier researchers. The maximum parsimony trees obtained from analysis of the ITS sequences suggested eight major groups of the Indian Polygonum spp. The relationships among different sections were largely congruent with those inferred from morphological characters as described by Hooker. Also, the treatment of the Persicaria suggested by Haraldson on the basis of anatomical characters proved to be nearly in line with that based on our molecular data. We provide a high resolution of phylogeny of the Himalayan Polygonum sensu lato and support merger of the section Amblygonon in the section Persicaria. Moreover, we made the first phylogenetic analysis of many of the less known Himalayan Polygonums, including Polygonum microcephalum, P. assamicum, P. recumbens, and P. effusum. Molecular differences were detected among Persicaria barbata collected from different geographical locations of India, although these were not differentiated at the morphological level.

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