Research Article

Association of CD14 G(-1145)A and C(-159)T polymorphisms with reduced risk for tuberculosis in a Chinese Han population

Published: September 25, 2012
Genet. Mol. Res. 11 (3) : 3425-3431 DOI: 10.4238/2012.September.25.11

Abstract

Although the role of CD14 in mediating signals from Toll-like receptors to recognize Mycobacterium tuberculosis is known, how polymorphisms in this gene affect the susceptibility to develop tuberculosis are still not clear. We examined whether single nucleotide polymorphisms at positions -1145 and -159 in the promoter region of the CD14 gene are associated with tuberculosis in a Chinese Han population in a case-control study of 432 Chinese patients with tuberculosis and 404 ethnically matched healthy controls. Genotyping was performed to identify polymorphisms of the CD14 gene by PCR-DNA sequencing. Both the frequency of allele T in the C(-159)T polymorphism (odds ratio (OR) = 1.4; 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 1.148-1.708) and allele G in the G(-1145)A polymorphism (OR = 1.512; 95%CI = 1.236- 1.849) were significantly more frequent in cases than in controls. The frequencies of genotypes CC and CT in the C(-159)T polymorphism, as well as the frequencies of genotypes AA and AG, were lower in cases than in controls. Based on our results, we conclude that G(-1145)A and C(-159)T polymorphisms of CD14 are associated with decreased risk for the development of tuberculosis in the Chinese Han population.

Although the role of CD14 in mediating signals from Toll-like receptors to recognize Mycobacterium tuberculosis is known, how polymorphisms in this gene affect the susceptibility to develop tuberculosis are still not clear. We examined whether single nucleotide polymorphisms at positions -1145 and -159 in the promoter region of the CD14 gene are associated with tuberculosis in a Chinese Han population in a case-control study of 432 Chinese patients with tuberculosis and 404 ethnically matched healthy controls. Genotyping was performed to identify polymorphisms of the CD14 gene by PCR-DNA sequencing. Both the frequency of allele T in the C(-159)T polymorphism (odds ratio (OR) = 1.4; 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 1.148-1.708) and allele G in the G(-1145)A polymorphism (OR = 1.512; 95%CI = 1.236- 1.849) were significantly more frequent in cases than in controls. The frequencies of genotypes CC and CT in the C(-159)T polymorphism, as well as the frequencies of genotypes AA and AG, were lower in cases than in controls. Based on our results, we conclude that G(-1145)A and C(-159)T polymorphisms of CD14 are associated with decreased risk for the development of tuberculosis in the Chinese Han population.